These outlines are intended as "teaching guides" to the study of any particular topic. The outlines may leave many unanswered questions as to details since those details would be answered in the process of teaching from the scripture references provided. In addition, there may be vocabulary references and subject references that are unfamiliar. Hopefully before too long, all the necessary topics will be available to provide a balanced and complete theology.

Pronunciation guide

GREEK: Verbal Orientation

Hebrew Verbal Orientation

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24 Elders


ELIHU: Reasons Why He is the Hero of the book of Job

ELIJAH, Enoch, Moses

The Emotions

EMOTIONAL Pressure Applied to Evangelism


ENOCH, Moses and Elijah

EPHESIANS (outline of book)

EPHESIANS 2:8: "And THAT not of yourselves"


ETERNITY: The Kingdom delivered up  to the Father

EUNUCH: The Voluntary Eunuch

EVANGELISM: Emotional pressure used on the unsaved


Evangelist: Spiritual Gift





EVOLUTION: Fallacies of Evolution

EXODUS 33:18 to 34:9 : Summary

Exorcism of demons

Exhortation: Spiritual gift



1. Background:

A. Adan - to be luxurious, delightful

Only occurs in the hithpael and means: to delight oneself in something - Neh. 9.25

B. Masculine noun: āden - delight, luxury - 2 Sam. 1.24; Jer. 51.34; Ps. 36.9

C. Feminine noun: ednAh - sexual delight or luxury - Gen. 18.12

D. Adjective: Adiyn - sexually luxurious - Is. 47.8

E. Masculine noun: maadAn

1. delight: Pr. 29.11

2. delightful food: Gen. 49.20; Lam. 4.5


2. Adam's original home: āden -- Gen. 2.8, 10, 15

A. kicked out: Gen. 3.23

B. Guarded: Gen. 3.24


3. Symbolic use for a beautiful land:

A. Joel 2.3 - before the invasion of the king of the North

B. Ezek. 36.35 - condition of Israel after Messiah's 2nd advent victory - Is. 51.3


4. Ezek. 31.9, 16, 18: refers to the world as a garden created by God and occupied with many trees (nations).


5. Ezek. 28.13: God's domain for angelic beings in the 3rd heaven.

A. Follows the pattern of Point 3 for earthly nations because Tyre (symbolic of Satan) is an earthly nation in the garden of nations.

B. So Satan was an angelic tree in God's garden of angels.

6. Also used for personal names:

A. Uaden: 2 Chron. 29.12; 31.15

B. adnAh: 2 Chron. 17.14; 1 Chron. 12.21

C. adiynA: 1 Ch. 11.42

D. Adiyn: Ezra 2.15; 8.6; Neh. 7.20; 10.17

E. adnA: Ezra 10.30



1. Endurance is the 2nd character quality of the love structure. It is the capacity to overcome combat pressures in the spiritual conflict and therefore perpetuate the advance toward spiritual maturity.

A. Spiritual maturity is the capacity to consistently showcase the person of Jesus Christ in every are of life through application of bible truth and the filling of the Holy Spirit.

B. Run with endurance the race: Heb. 12.1

1. reject human viewpoint

2. reject personal sins

C. CF. Luke 8.15 - in the sphere of endurance


2. Endurance depends on a genuine humility attitude toward details of life.

A. The process of 2 Peter 1.5-6 - via self control.

B. Application to Job -- 1.20-22; 2.10


3. Endurance is built through knowledge of bible truth. Rom. 15.4-5; Col. 1.9-11.

4. Endurance through its consistency, produces 4 results.

A. It paves the way for advance in the growth process in the area of spiritual integrity which is the basis for true worship capacity.

1. Rom. 5.3-4

2. 2 Pet. 1.6

3. James 1.2-4

4. The grace expression of Col. 1.11

B. Endurance then is directly related to experiencing abundant life reality.

Temporal rewards ---

1. James 5.11 - blessed

2. 2 Cor. 1.6 - Comfort

3. Col. 1.11 - with joy


C. Endurance contributes to testimony impact and service.

1. 2 Cor. 6.4

2. 2 Tim. 2.10

3. Thessalonian testimony - 1 Thes. 1.3; 2 Thes. 1.4

4. Titus 2.2


D. Endurance is the basis for future rewards.

1. Jas. 1.12 - The crown of life

2. 2 Tim. 2.12 - reigning assignments

3. Heb. 10.32-39


ETERNITY: The Kingdom delivered up to the Father
1 Corinthians 15:23-28

I. V. 23: The resurrection program

1. Christ as the firstfruits:
2. Those that are His at His coming: in 3 stages.

a. Church age saints at the rapture.
b. Day of the Lord martyrs at the beginning of the kingdom.
c. Millennium saints at the end of the millennium. There is no scripture on this point, but it is assumed that all believers will spend eternity in resurrection body.

II. V. 24: The end of the millennium.

1. Then comes the end: the end of the 1000 year kingdom.

a. After the new heavens and earth are created
b. After the great white throne judgment of unbelievers.

2. when He delivers up: paradidomi, present active subjunctive = hands over.

3. The kingdom: the earthly kingdom of Messiah

4. To the God and Father: 1 st member of the Godhead. The One designated as the "authority" within the Godhead. 1 Cor. 8:6

5. When he has abolished: katargeō, aorist active subjunctive - indicates a "point of time" in future history when Jesus will have "neutralized" His enemies.

a. Refers to the ultimate defeat and judgment of the forces of darkness at the end of the millennium which takes place in 3 steps.

1. The exposure of all darkness viewpoint from both before and during the "kingdom" period.

2. Satan and angels in the lake of fire: Rev. 20:10; Mat. 25:41
3. All unbelievers in the lake of fire: Rev. 20:15; Ps. 92:7

6. There are 3 terms used to describe the organization of darkness under Satan's leadership.

a. Rule: archōn - demon category "general." Probably the "nation" demons as at Dan. 10:20

b. Authority: exousia = demon category "officers"

c. Power: dunamis = demon category "rank and file," which are viewed in two groups at Eph. 6:12.

1. The world forces of this darkness: power through viewpoint influence. 1 Tim. 4:1; 1 Cor. 10:20

2. The spiritual forces of the evil: power through possession and influence. The deceitful spirit and the unclean spirit.

III. V. 25

1. For: gar = explanation of the schedule of events.
2. He must: Lit: It is necessary for. dei, present indicative, indicates what is required to carry out the plan of the Godhead.

3. Him to be reigning: basileuō, present active infinitive
4. Until: achri = a time factor and a goal factor
5. He has put: tithāmi, aorist active subjunctive
6. All His enemies: The darkness enemies which promote Satan's viewpoint and plan.

7. Under His feet: idiom for total victory in a military context. Total neutralization of the enemy. In this case, the ultimate defeat will be when they are in the lake of fire.

IV. V. 26 The last enemy.

1. That will be abolished: katargeō, future middle indicative = destroyed, neutralized.

2. Is death: Physical death as the context of resurrection indicates. (v. 55-57)

3. Physical death is an enemy of Christ because it is the direct result of darkness influence and authority in the human race. 1 Cor. 15:21-22

a. It is not destroyed until the final category of saints receive resurrection body at the end of the kingdom.

b. Physical death for man is not "done away" at salvation; only spiritual death is.

c. Physical death is only done away at the point of receiving a resurrection body.

d. The resurrection event for millennial saints takes place immediately after the great white throne judgment in connection with the renovation of the universe.

V. V. 27-28 Further explanation

V. 27 Quote and explanation from Psalm 8:6
1. For: explanation of Christ's total dominion over His enemies of v. 24.
2. He: Refers to God the Father as the planner and authority within the Godhead (1 Cor. 8:6) and as the one who assigns authority to Christ.

3. Has put all things: friends and enemies

a. It begins with promoted authority over all the universe at the ascension and session. Eph. 1:20-21.

b. It extends to kingdom authority over the physical earth. Ps. 8:7-8; Dan. 7:14; Rev. 11:15,17

c. And then to victory authority upon the defeat of all his enemies. 1 Cor. 15:24-26; Philip. 2:10-11

4. But it is evident: dālon = obvious
5. That the Father is not subjected: That is, not put under the authority of the Son.

V. 28
1. And when: hotan = completion of the great white throne judgment.
2. All things are subjected to Him: aorist active subjunctive - hupotassō.
Probably best viewed as being fulfilled at the creation of the "new" universe after the judgment.

3. Then the Son will be subject: hupotassō, future middle indicative.
4. To Him: The Father. This probably refers to a "return" to what He had before the divine plan for saving humanity was put into operation.

a. John 17:5, the glory I had with you

1. I had: echō - imperfect active indicative
2. With you: para sou = beside you
3. Before the world was: before the physical creation.

b. John 1:1

1. The Word was: eimi - imperfect indicative
2. With God: pros = face to face with
3. And the Word "was" God: imperfect indicative of eimi.

c. Philip. 2:6

1. Existing: present active participle of huparchō.
2. In the form of God: morphā= inner essence.
3. Being: present infinitive of eimi
4. equal with God: isos + dative case of theos (to or with God).

5. So that: hina + subjunctive = the divine purpose
6. The God: reference to The Godhead. The "us" of Gen. 1:26, etc.
7. May be: eimi in the present subjunctive to fulfill the purpose of "hina."
8. All in all: pas + pas
9. So this is not a discontinuance of Christ's reign but an advance on it.

a. The reign of Christ is at the same time as the reign of the Father. Rev. 11:15
b. Thus the act of delivering up the kingdom to the Father is not the idea of turning authority "over to Him."

c. But the restoration to the "pre-incarnation" status of the Godhead.
In fact, a restoration to the status of the Godhead "before" evil entered into the universe. That status was the "absolute" rule of divine righteousness in the universe.

d. It is this absolute rule of righteousness that the Son was commissioned to restore.

e. So the delivering up of the kingdom is the completion of the rule of righteousness over a tainted, evil filled universe.

f. And the return to the rule of righteousness in which evil is forever removed and never again an issue for any creature.

g. And God is all in all: The Godhead returns to its mode of expression prior to the inception of the plan of redemption.

h. The Son, although still the God-man for all eternity, will again function within the Godhead as "co-equal" with the Father without the subordination status explained at Philip. 2:6-8.

10. The status of angels throughout eternity is not revealed in scripture other than the implication that man will be elevated to a position higher than them.

11. And the status of "saved" mankind throughout eternity is centered in the eternal new (heavenly) Jerusalem, but details of function are not revealed. Rev. 21:1-8

12. The status of "unsaved" mankind throughout eternity is the lake of fire as described at Rev. 14:9-11.


EUNUCH: The Voluntary Eunuch

1. According to Mat. 19:12 indicates that there are 3 types of eunuchs:

A. Those who are born that way through birth defect.
B. Those who are made eunuchs by act of man.
C. Those who "voluntarily" function as a eunuch in order to maximize time in service to God.

2. The voluntary Eunuch recognizes the principle of divine ownership.
Romans 14:7-8; 1 Cor. 6:19-20

3. He recognizes the principle of divine sovereignty. James 4:15

4. He recognizes the intensified stage of the angelic conflict. 1 Cor. 7:29-31

5. He sacrifices normal detail of life activity in order to dedicate himself completely to the promotion of the plan of God. Mat. 19:12

6. He applies the principle of status quo. 1 Cor. 7:20-24, 26-27

7. Example of John the baptizer: Luke 1:80; Mat. 3:4

8. Example of the apostle Paul: 1 Cor. 9:5

9. It is an optional decision not a command. Luke 9:57-62; 8:38-39; 1 Cor. 9:5

10. Opposite examples:

A. Aquilla and Priscilla: Acts 18:2, 18, 26; Rom. 16:3
B. Peter: 1 Cor. 9:5
C. Bishops, elders, pastors, deacons: 1 Tim. 3:2-12



1. Definition: Everlasting life is the quality of life that is shared with God by being born into His spiritual family through the new birth.

A. Definition by contrast:

1. Everlasting life is forever living under God's grace and care, whereas everlasting judgment is forever living in the status of spiritual death, separated from God in the lake of fire and undergoing soul and body torment while there. Rev. 14:9-11.

2. Dan. 12:2, everlasting life vs. disgrace and everlasting contempt.

a. unto life of perpetuity (olAm)
b. disgrace: cherpAh (plural) + preposition "le" + "the" (definite article) = unto the disgraces (many, as at Rev. 14:10, presence of the angels and the Lamb).

c. contempt: dārAōn + "le" (only here and Is. 66:24) = the object of contempt, abhorrence, aversion and rejection. (construct state = "of" = rejection of perpetuity.)

3. John 3:16, should not perish but have everlasting life.

a. perish: apollumi = ruin or destroy. (in the aorist middle subjunctive = be ruined) Communicates the forfeiture of a certain quality of life, called death at Rom. 6:23 and John 5:24.

b. That quality of life is called, zōā aiōnios = perpetual life.

4. John 3:36, shall not see life but the wrath of God abides on him.
Wrath (orgā) communicates the abhorrence and rejection of Dan. 12:2.

5. John 5:28-29, called a resurrection of judgment.
6. John 3:18-19, has been judged already.
7. 2 Thes. 1:7-9, Away from the face of the Lord.

B. Definition by statement:

1. John 17:3, this is everlasting life: present indicative of eimi, which communicates the "substance" of everlasting life.

a. That they may know you, the only true God: Emphasis on relationship knowledge as at Gal. 4:9. Ie, coming to know God because we are placed into salvation relationship with Him.

b. And Jesus Christ whom you sent: emphasis on fellowship knowledge through spiritual growth as at, Philip. 3:8-10; Eph. 3:19; 4:13, 20.

c. Everlasting life involves 2 factors:

1. Salvation relationship with God the Father.
2. Experiential fellowship with the God-man, Jesus Christ.

2. 1 John 5:20, the Son of God has given us understanding (dianoia) through spiritual growth "after" salvation.

a. That we might be knowing: present active subjunctive of ginōskō to emphasize experiential knowledge.

b. The True One: Definite article + alāthinos = the true one = The Father
c. And we are in The True One: In the Father. This is a statement of our positional relationship in the family of God as the basis for experiential knowledge.

d. And in His Son, Jesus Christ: Refers to union with Christ via the baptism of the Spirit which occurs at the moment of time that one trusts in Christ as savior.

e. This one: the one just referred to (Jesus) is TWO THINGS.

1. The True God: Could refer back to "The true one," except that the focus is not on "God" but on the "Son." Here we see a maneuver by John to finish his demolition of gnosticism by making a direct statement as to the deity of Christ.

2. And eternal life: The point of connection is the fact that Jesus is the one called "eternal life" elsewhere as at 1 John 1:1-2 and even John 14:6.

3. It is Jesus who is the essence of "eternal life" and the manifestation of that life to mankind.

2. Jesus Christ came for the purpose of providing everlasting life to the human race.
John 3:16-17; 10:10; 12:44-50

3. The basis for everlasting life is the cross and resurrection of Jesus.

A. His ministry: John 8:29; 1 Pet. 2:22; Philip. 2:6-8
B. The cross: John 3:14-15; Rom. 5:12-21; 6:16-23
C. The resurrection: Acts 17:30-31; 1 Cor. 15:12-19

4. Thus, everlasting life is IN Jesus Christ; in fact, He AS the embodiment of everlasting life IS everlasting life. John 1:4; 14:6; 11:25; 1 John 1:1-3; 5:11-12

5. The gospel invitation promises life as "living water" and "the water of life."
John 4:10-14; Rev. 22:17 (cf. Is. 55:1-3).

6. Thus, acceptance of the gospel through trust in Christ as the savior, bestows upon us the reality of spiritual life through the new birth.

A. John 3:1-16, 36; 5:24
B. John 6:47-58
C. John 10:24-30

7. Based on the integrity of the plan of God, our possession of everlasting life is a present and living confidence. 1 Peter 1:3; Titus 1:1-3; 3:5-7

8. Even though everlasting life is a present possession of every believer, its fullness will not be realized except through resurrection. 1 Cor. 15:45-57; Rom. 8:18-25

9. In the meantime, the quality of life which is "eternal" is to be experienced here on earth through knowledge and application of divine truth in every area of life.

A. John 10:10, abundance (perissos); v. 9, go in and out and find pasture.
B. Mat. 11:29-30 (Jeremiah 6:16)
C. 1 Tim. 4:6-11; 6:11-12, 17-19. (CF. 1 Jn. 5:11-12)
D. Gal. 6:7-9 - the law of sowing and reaping.
(eternal life here refers to the "blessings" of eternal life experienced here on earth by the trusting believer. It does not refer to the "salvation possession" of life.



1. The basis for the attack of evil is the spiritual conflict between light and darkness (God and Satan). 2 Cor. 6:14-16; John 3:20; Acts 26:18

2. The source of the attack:

A. The world system: Col. 2:8; 1 John 2:15-16
B. The sin nature: Gal. 5:17; 1 Pet. 2:11; James 4:1
C. Satan: 1 Pet. 5:8; Eph. 6:12

3. The attack is experienced in relationship to the 3 expressions of evil found at Psalm 1:1.

A. Mental viewpoint evil: counsel of the wicked
B. Overt evil: pathway of sinners
C. Verbal evil: seat of scoffers

4. Evil's attack in the area of morality.

A. Volition and freedom.

1. Religion enslaves: Mat. 23:4, 13; Gal. 4:8; 5:1
2. Satan's doctrine enslaves: Heb. 2:14-15; Is. 14:17; 2 Tim. 2:26
3. Sin nature enslaves: Rom. 7:14-23; 1 Jn. 2:15; James 4:1-3
4. Temptation to bullying and criminal activity. Prov. 1:10-19

B. Marriage and sex life.

1. Religion:

a. abstinence: 1 Tim. 4:1-3
b. abuse: Rev. 2:14, 20

2. Satan's attack on the married: 1 Cor. 7:5
3. Sin nature attack: Gal. 5:19; 1 John 2:16
4. The attack of the wrong woman:
Prov. 5:1-5; 6:23-29; 7:6-23; 9:13-18 (application to women also).

5. Mental attack: Mat. 5:27-28
6. Authority structure abuse is possible. 1 Pet. 3:7

C. Family.

1. 2 Tim. 3:2
2. Col. 3:20-21
3. Eph. 6:1-4
4. Prov. 30:11-14

D. Nationalism (formal societal structure).

1. Socialism vs. 2 Thes. 3:10
2. Internationalism vs. Acts 17:26-27
3. Authority structure: Rom. 13:1-7; Titus 3:1-2; 1 Pet. 2:13-15, 18

5. Evil's attack in the spiritual life.

A. False gospel: Gal. 1:6-9
B. False fellowship: Gal. 3:1-5
C. False revelation: Col. 2:18; 2 Cor. 11:3-4; 2 Tim. 4:1-2; 1 Tim. 6:20
D. False service: John 16:2; Is. 29:13; 1:10-15
E. False miracles: Mat. 7:21-23; 2 Thes. 2:9
F. False prosperity: Ps. 73:2-9, 15-20; Heb. 11:25; 1 Tim. 6:3-10
G. System of legalism: Gal. 5:1-9; Col. 2:16-23; 1 Tim. 4:3
H. Persecution: Mat. 5:11; 13:21; Philip. 1:29-30; 2 Tim. 3:12
I. Gnosticism: 1 Cor. 8:1
J. Emotionalism: Rom. 16:17-18
K. Pride: 1 Cor. 10:12

6. The people of evil's attack. Mat. 10:16-22

A. Religious: Acts 5:27-33
B. Political: Acts 12:1-4
C. Friends: 1 Pet. 4:3-4; Pr. 13:20; Job 2:11-13; 6:14-27
D. Believers: Gal. 2:11-13; 2 Cor. 11:26; 2 Pet. 2:1-2
E. Family: Gen. 4:1-8; Job 2:9; Mat. 10:34-37; Mark 3:21

7. Believer's offense against evil's attack.

A. Dedication attitude: Pr. 16:6
B. The "forever" attitude: The attitude of confidence, optimism and consistency which desires perpetual faithfulness. The ATTITUDE that "I will never sin."
See topic: Forever attitude.

C. Spiritual growth: Ps. 119:11; 2 Tim. 3:16-17
D. Fellowship abiding in Christ: Gal. 5:16; 1 John 3:6. See topic: abiding

E. Fellowship is also called "walking in the light." Job 29:3; Ps. 119:105, 130; Psalm 43:3-4; 36:9; Prov. 6:20-23; 1 John 1:5-7

F. Humility resistance by using the word of God (Resist him firm in The Faith)
James 4:6-8; 1 Pet. 5:8-9

1. Principle of "It is written." Mat. 4:1-11.
2. Armor of God: Eph. 6:10-18; 2 Cor. 10:3-6


EVOLUTION: Fallacies of Evolution

1. True science can deal only with the present; it can tell us nothing about origins. Evolution is not a science; it is a faith-and a very naive faith.

2. Evolution supposedly explains the "creation" of all things in terms of present processes, but the first law of thermodynamics says that nothing is now being "created."

3. Evolution presupposes an innate tendency towards progress and increasing order and complexity in the universe, but the second law of thermo- dynamics proves there is an innate tendency towards decay and disorder in the universe.

4. Evolution supposedly is brought about by gene mutations, but almost 100% of all known mutations are harmful or even fatal to the creatures which experience them.

5. No example of true evolution from one basic "kind" into another "kind" is known either in the present world or in the fossil record of the past.

6. Evolutionary kinship of all creatures would imply a continuous integrating of all forms of life, but both present life and the records of past life show great gaps between all the different kinds of plants and animals.

7. Natural selection supposedly accounts for the development of new kinds, but actually tends to preserve the present kinds, since an incipient organ or new feature of any kind would have no "survival" value unless it were fully functional from its very beginning.

8. Evolution contradicts the scientific law that no effect can be greater than its cause, since it assumes that intelligence was developed from non-intelligent matter, that morality was evolved from non-moral processes, that love and other emotional qualities came out of unfeeling chemicals, that infinitely complex structures arose from simple beginnings, and that consciousness began out of inert molecules.

These principles were taken from:


See Darwin's Dilemma article


EXODUS 33:18 to 34:9 : Summary

1. Moses on Mt. Sinai for 40 days and nights to receive the stone tablets of the covenant and other instruction (24:12 - 31:18).

2. Operation golden calf: Ex. 32:1-6

Violation of the law already given and accepted by the people. Ex. 24:3-8

3. Ex. 32:7-10 - Yahweh's indictment

4. Ex. 32:11-14 - Moses intercedes even before he comes down.

5. Ex. 32:15-19 - Moses comes down and is displeased.

6. Ex. 32:21-24 - Aaron's account

7. Ex. 32:25-28 - Immediate discipline - 3000

8. Ex. 32:29 (v. 20) - Readjustment to divine policy

9. Ex. 32:30-32 - further intercession - Moses goes back up.

10. Ex. 32:33-34 with 33:1-3 - Yahweh's plan to guide the nation impersonally by an angel.

11. Ex. 33:4-6 - Moses (goes back down) tells the people and they become very depressed.

12. Ex. 33:12 - 34:3 - Moses in the tent

a. V. 12-17 - Moses pleads with God to guide them with His personal presence instead of with an impersonal angel. cf. v. 34:8-9

b. Yahweh concedes and agrees to guide them personally.

But only because Moses has found grace with Him.

13. Ex. 33:18 - still in the tent, Moses asks to see God's glory.

14. Ex. 33:19-23 - God says what he will do.

It takes place the next morning as recorded at Ex. 34:2-9

a. God Can't show the fullness of his essence (his face) v. 20.

b. But he can show the reflection of that essence (back parts) v. 23.

c. And that involves a "verbal" proclamation of his attributes.

1. Called goodness in v. 19 - kol tobh - all my goodness.

2. And will proclaim the name (character) of Yahweh.

3. And the quality that is proclaimed is compassion, mercy and grace provision. (love, righteousness, justice, wisdom)

4. The existence of these character qualities are an absolute reality.

5. The experience of them, however, is based on the creature's response to divine policy for relationship and fellowship.

6. The fact that God provides a policy for relationship and fellowship is compassion and mercy.

7. But the creature must respond to that policy to benefit.

"to those who love me" - Ex. 20:6

15. Ex. 34:1-3 - Moses must cut out new stones in order to receive the replacement book of the covenant.

16. Ex. 34:4 - So Moses returns to the mountain

a. Moses writes the law on the new tablets. v. 34:28

b. God shows Moses His essence. v. 34:6-7

c. v. 34:9 - Moses pleads divine essence for the nation's restoration to divine favor.

d. God gives him more information: 34:10-27

e. He is there for another 40 day period. v. 34:28

17. Ex. 34:29-33 - Moses comes down

a. Face shining with reflected glory. v. 29

b. Instructs the people. v. 31-32

18. Ex. 34:34-35 - SOP that corresponds with v. 33:7-11


Exorcism of demons

1. Demon exorcism is just as much a reality as is demon possession. It is simply the discontinuation of possession and can have two sources. God or Satan.

2. In the Old Testament, demon possession is mentioned only a few times and exorcism not at all.

A. Possession for deception: a woman is a lord (possessor) of an ōbh demon.
Lev. 20:27; 1 Sam. 28:7

B. Possession for oppression: there are no examples of this in the Old Testament.
King Saul was not possessed by a demon.

C. In actuality, according to the Mosaic law, exorcism was not an option.
The possessed were to be executed under the policy of a theocratic nation.
Leviticus 20:27

3. Exorcism is not mentioned in the Old Testament but the practice is referred to many times in secular societies.

4. Exorcism in the New Testament:

A. Religious: using ritual, magic and incantations.
The Jews at Mat. 12:27 and Acts 19:13

B. Pseudo-believers claiming authority through Christ. Mat. 7:22-23

C. Christ by using the power of the Holy Spirit as a sign that He was the promised Messiah-Savior and that the kingdom viewpoint and authority was present in Him. Matthew 12:28

D. Disciples of Christ in His name (character and authority).

1. Luke 10:17
2. Based on proper faith and procedure. Mk. 9:18, 29.
(Thus, failure when not followed)

E. The apostles of the early church as a sign to the divine authority they had.

5. The principle of Satan casting our Satan: Mt. 12:22-37

A. A kingdom divided cannot stand:

1. Cf. double minded man at James 1:8
2. The purpose and goal of the kingdom cannot be fulfilled
3. The authorities in the kingdom will be frustrated and confused.
4. The people of the kingdom will be confused and misdirected.

B. Mat. 12:26

1. And if: 1st class condition of actual reality. This does happen.

2. Satan casts our Satan: ekballō, present active indicative.

a. That is, one agent of Satan casts out another agent.
b. Or one agent promotes an activity or viewpoint totally opposite to another's.

3. He is divided against himself: meridzō, aorist passive indicative.

4. How then shall his kingdom stand.? histāmi, future passive indicative
The implication is that it will not and cannot.

5. Jesus is not saying this to establish that Satan does "not" act in contradiction with himself, but that it is the most illogical way to run a kingdom.

6. The fact remains that Satan does indeed cast out Satan, and act in contradiction to himself in an attempt to distract man from the light and to promote independence from God.

7. His overall goal is to promote independence from God. But in order to do this, he must wear many different faces.

a. angel of light: 2 Cor. 11:14
b. oppressive unclean spirits: chaos demons that cause disease and insanity.

1. Possession: Luke 13:11-16
2. oppression: Job 1:12; 2:6-7; 2 Cor. 12:7

c. Miracle imitation: 2 Thes. 2:9-10; Acts 8:9-11; Mat. 7:22

d. even allowed to physically afflict believers when God turns them over to discipline. 1 Cor. 5:5; 1 Tim. 1:20;

e. And then, occult activity: Acts 16:16

8. Thus, he has demons working with each other which appear to be working against each other in order to deceive man.

9. But that is just the point. He might succeed in throwing humanity into confusion and getting their eyes off God, but he is still undermining his own kingdom and he and it will ultimately fail.

C. Then to illustrate Satan's use of Satan he refers to the exorcism practice of the Jews in Mat. 12:27.

1. And if I cast our demons by Beelzebul: 1st class condition to agree with their assumption in order to logically tear it down.

2. by whom do your sons cast them out? rhetorical question to get them thinking about whose kingdom they are in.

a. Sons, refers to converts and disciples who are functional in exorcism.

b. It is the power source that is in question.
c. And the very claim they make against Christ is the claim he turns back upon them.

3. So, they shall be your judges: based on the further information that Jesus will give.

a. There are only 2 kingdoms in which you can reside: light or darkness.

b. The exorcists of the Pharisees and the miracles of Christ do not have the same power source.

c. Christ is going to state that his power source is Messianic which leaves only darkness for the Pharisees.

d. The phrase, "he who is not with me is against me," draws the lines and sets the standards for identifying your power source.

e. So the Pharisees are in the kingdom of darkness which is divided against itself and in the process of destruction and promises only destruction for its members.

6. What happens when a demon is cast out?

A. Mat. 12:43-45
V. 43
1. Now when: hotan, recognizes the reality of exorcism.

2. goes out: exerchomai, aorist active indicative, which is of course the result of the casting out of v. 24, ekballō.

3. An unclean spirit:

a. unclean = akathartos, which describes the character of the demon and is amplified at v. 45, "more wicked" (ponāros).

b. Unclean or impure in association with evil (ponāros) indicates a character and purpose in total opposition to God.

1. it seeks to promote the viewpoint of Satan and cultivate independence from God through necromancy, divination, mysticism, immorality and social disruption (which includes disease).

2. Its purpose also is to discredit the viewpoint of God by causing distortion and confusion concerning the bible, the gospel message and the existence & attributes of God.

c. spirit: pneuma, describes the created structure of this entity as being of the angelic creation.

d. Thus, immaterial and unrestricted by a solid structured body as man is.

4. There are two ways this casting out can take place as far as our context is concerned.

a. by the power of God: a real exorcism, v. 28
Designed of course to promote light.

b. By the power of Satan: v. 27 with Mat. 7:22-24. A "staged" exorcism with the purpose to cloud the issues and get man's eyes off the true issue of righteousness and grace. Thus, to encourage independence from God.

5. But when it happens, the spirit then returns to functioning in its "normal" life space in the "spirit world."

a. It passes through: dierchomai, present middle indicative, This is used to indicate it normal activity in its natural abode.

b. waterless places:

1. can refer to a desert place with emphasis on the fact of a deserted location.

2. But probably refers to the dimension of spirit life which is the natural abode for the angelic creation, and where water is no issue.

3. waterless, is mentioned for man's frame of reference. There is always water in the physical realm because it is needed. But in the spirit realm, water is no issue.

4. When a demon leaves a human it had been possessing, it then functions in its natural realm.

c. seeking rest: present act. participle of zāteō + anapausis.

1. rest indicates purpose, contentment, peace and fulfillment of life impulses.

2. The demon's purpose in life is centered around gratifying his lust patterns and seeking to discredit the viewpoint of light which continually exposes and convicts him of his sinful rebellion.

3. The best way for him to do this is through possession of a human body.

4. When he is "disconnected" his capacity to gratify his life impulses is limited.

5. Thus he does not find it. ouk heuriskō.

6. Now this "disconnection" may result from Satan's command in order to produce a "staged" exorcism, or it may result from the power of God.

7. In either case, the condition of the man after he is freed, all depends on whether he responds to truth or not (not religion, but Truth) and becomes a believer in Jesus.

8. If he pursues Truth, he will preserve the "binding of the strong man" and become a light bearer.

9. If he rejects Truth, he will continue to be influenced by darkness viewpoint and be vulnerable to re-possession.

a) The darkness viewpoint in the form of religion or human good morality, will provide a false "cleaning up" of the man's life. But without Light dominating the soul, there will be no protection from re-possession.

b) cf. Mat. 8:28 with Mk. 5:18 and context.

V. 44, the lust patterns cause the demon to seek fulfillment by possession of some physical entity.
1. So the demon says, I will return.
2. And he finds it: the previously vacated human.

a. unoccupied: ie, available because their is no Light influence and authority to prevent the demon's return.

b. Swept: ie, cleaned up. This refers to a discontinuation of the previous life style.

c. put in order: kosmeō, perfect pass. participle, indicates conformed to some type of religious or moral guideline, but not BIBLE TRUTH.

d. In other words, he is not a believer and therefore, no matter how "good" he has "cleaned up" his life, he is still vulnerable.

V. 45, he brings others

1. Seven other spirits: no reason to take it as a symbol. Jesus could have used any number. Being a parable, it is just an example. But it represents accurately the type of outcome that usually results unless Truth is followed.

2. more evil: ponāros, indicates a character that seeks to infect others with its viewpoint and life style of independence from God.

3. last state worse: Because of the added number and their more intense evil character, there is produced a more intense expression of evil of all kinds in the person's life.

B. Mat. 8:29; Mk. 5:10; Lk. 8:31-33

1. When commanded to leave, the demons protest and plead with Jesus from a disoriented frame of reference.

2. Torment before the time, at Mat. 8:29 refers to the abyss at Lk. 8:31.

a. Christ never "tormented" the demons. Just removed them.
b. He would never violate the time table of the Father's plan which is indicated at Rev. 20:2-3.

c. The abyss is probably the prison of Tartarus mentioned at 2 Peter 2:4 which contains the angels of the Genesis 6 infiltration.

3. They requested to be sent out of the country: Mk. 5:10

a. So apparently it is possible to set geographical restrictions when casting them out.

b. Instead, they requested to go into the herd of pigs.

c. Jesus granted the request and did not impose any geographical restrictions.

d. But the animals' "instinct" system could not tolerate the invasion and was short-circuited causing the animal panic that resulted in death.

4. So when the pigs died, the demons had to vacate on their own but did not have to leave the country.

5. However they were once again operating "bodiless" in their natural "spirit" realm as at Mat. 12:43.

Back to Archive D: Demons



1. Experiential righteousness is the reflection of God's character in your life through cultivating humility, justice and love.

Mic 6.8; Mt.23.23; Lk.11.42

2. It is called the glory of the Lord: 2 Cor. 3.18

3. The first issue in experiential righteousness is the inner character which views everything in life from God's viewpoint. Romans 12.2

4. This character development is called the new man. Eph. 4.22-24

5. Then comes the overt imitation of God by walking as Christ walked.

Eph. 5.1-2; 1 John 2.6

6. The production of the light is in the sphere of righteousness. Eph. 5.9

7. Only that which is done while being led by the Holy Spirit, is righteous in God's eyes.

Rom. 8.4-8; 14.17-18

8. Jesus calls it the vindication of wisdom. Mt. 11.19; Luke 7.35

9. James calls it justified by works. James 2.21-25

10. It is the basis for being genuine and blameless in the Christian way of life. Phil. 1.9-11

11. It is cultivated through learning Bible Truth. 2 Tim. 3.16-17; Eph. 4.24

12. The breastplate of righteousness in the armor of God symbolizes a righteous character as a protective devise in the face of evil's attack. Eph. 6.14

It provides standards and viewpoint to offset the standards and viewpoint of darkness.

13. Recognize the existence of human righteousness based on good works which is unacceptable to God.

Mt. 6.1-5, 16; Phil. 3.8-9

14. Future reward is based on righteous production in the Christian way of life.

2 Tim. 4.8 with 1 Cor. 3.10-15; 2 Cor. 5.9-10

(See category on the judgment Seat of Christ)

Return to topic: Justification



1. Edification comes from the Greek word, oikodomā (verb = oikodomeō): It means to build a structure or house. When used in a metaphysical sense it refers to building a structure in the soul. That structure is built from the truths and principles of the word of the God that the believer learns and claims for himself as he lets "the word of Christ richly dwell within."

2. Edification is accomplished by God's word. Acts 20:32

3. Edification is a process. Col. 2:7 - Present passive participle

4. Edification requires application of basic love dedication toward God.
Ephesians 3:17 with 4;17 and 1 Cor. 8:1

5. The ultimate goal of edification is advanced love expression toward God and others.
1 Timothy 1:5

6. The "communication" spiritual gifts are the agent of edification. Eph. 4:12, 16; 1 Cor. 14:3

7. Apostolic authority was designed to promote edification. 2 Cor. 10:8; 13:10

8. Edification is the primary purpose for the local church. 1 Cor. 14:26

9. A degree of edification can be realized through fellowship with other believers.
1 Thes. 5:11 with Heb. 3:7 and Prov. 27:9

10. Apply the law of liberty and benefit to edification.
1 Cor. 10:23; Rom. 15:2 with Eph. 4:29

11.The goal of all Christian interactivity is peace and edification. Romans 14:19

12. Detailed amplification under the GROWTH categories.



1. Election is the pre-designed destiny of every one who believes in Christ. Predestination means that the believer has a part in this "pre-designed" plan of God.

2. Election is the word that sums up that plan. It describes the "status" of the believer who, not only possesses an eternal destiny, but now "in time" has a functional responsibility to represent the "light" viewpoint of God to the world of darkness in which he lives.

A. The PRIVILEGE of election: One is elected based on God's grace. There is no personal merit or works involved at all. Grace provides our destiny. All man needs to do is accept it by personal trust in Jesus as the Messiah-Savior. Ephesians 2:8-9; 2 Corinthians 8:9

B. The RANK of election: A new "position" in union with Christ. Dead, buried, raised and seated with Christ. Romans 6:3-4; Ephesians 2:6; Colossians 2:12; 3:1 The rank of "royalty." 1 Peter 2:9

C. The FUNCTION of election: To gear every aspect of our life for the purpose of bringing honor and glory to the character and plan of God. 1 Corinthians10:31; Romans 14:8. This is fulfilled through priesthood and ambassadorship in association with the spiritual gift that every believer has.

3. The basis for election is the election of Christ.

A. He is the elect of God: Isaiah 42:1; 1 Peter 2:4, 6.
B. His election was established from eternity past. Acts 4:28; 2:23;1 Peter 1:20; Revelation 13:8.

C. The scope of Christ's election is: Heir of all things - Hebrews 1:2; Philippians 2:9-11.

D. The believer is made a partner with Christ and actually shares His destiny, which is His election. 1 Corinthians 1:9; Romans 8:17

E. This is accomplished through union with Christ. Ie, being identified into the "one" body of Christ through the baptism of the Holy Spirit (1 Corinthians 12:13) and is represented by the term "in Him" Eph. 1:4. 1 Peter 5:10, "called you to His eternal glory IN CHRIST."

4. The source of election: 2 Peter 1:3, the glory and integrity of God.

5. The steps of election: Romans 8:29-30 Foreknowledge, predestination, called (invited), Justified, glorified. Election is not directly mentioned here but is the end result of the steps.

6. The entrance into election: 2 Thessalonians 2:13

A. God has chosen you: aireō, aorist middle indicative. This is the "fact" of election.

B. Through sanctification by the Spirit: This is God's mechanics.

1. Sanctified means to be set apart as unique and separate.
2. This is accomplished when the Holy Spirit "places" or baptizes the believer into the body of Christ at the moment of salvation.

3. It is mentioned at 1 Cor. 1:30, where it says that we are In Christ, who became to us - wisdom, righteousness, sanctification and redemption.

4. And mentioned at 1 Corinthians 6:11, "but you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified . . ."

C. And through faith in the truth: This is man's part. The act of positive volition toward the gospel of truth. In actuality, this comes first and then the sanctifying work of the Spirit places the new believer into the body of Christ and into his election.

D. Faith is the required response to the INVITATION from God to change the mind about God.
1.  Mat. 22:14 (Mat. 20:16, KJV):  "many are called (klātos) but few are chosen." eklektos.

This "call" is the invitation to accept God's plan of salvation. It is used this way throughout Christ's ministry and in the book of Acts.
Mt. 9:13 (Lk. 5:32): I did not come to CALL (invite) the righteous, but sinners to a change of mind. The verb is  kaleō as an aorist active infinitive.

Acts 2:39: The promise is for "as many as the Lord our God shall CALL (invite) to Himself."

E. Later, the word, calling (klāsis) is used to indicate BOTH the invitation and the fact that the invitation was accepted by faith. Thus the designation of BOTH "called and chosen" as at Rev 17:14.

F. The result is - that election is the present possession of every person who has trusted in Christ as savior. Colossians 3:12, "as the elect of God" (Romans 1:6-7)

7. Thus, the word CALLING by itself is often used to indicate the completed fact and status of election. The term focuses in on both the POSITIONAL and the FUNCTIONAL aspects of our salvation, but always with a reminder of the initial grace invitation from God.

A. The SCOPE of election: This is positional in focus

1. Hebrews 3:1, a heavenly calling
2. 2 Timothy 1:9, a holy calling
3. 1 Peter 2:9, out of darkness into light
4. 1 Peter 5:10, unto his eternal glory
5. Romans 8:29, to be conformed to the image of His Son (resurrection)
6. 1 Thessalonians 2:12, into His kingdom and glory
7. 2 Thessalonians 2:13, for salvation
8. 1 Timothy 6:12, unto eternal life
9. 1 Corinthians 1:9, into fellowship with Christ
10. 2 Thessalonians 2:14-15, to share Christ's glory

B. The LIFE of election: This is experiential in focus

1. 1 Peter 3:9-12, to inherit a blessing
2. 1 Thessalonians 4:3-7, not for impurity, but sanctification
3. Colossians 3:15, unto the peace of Christ (John 14:27)
4. Galatians 5:13, for the purpose of freedom
5. 1 Peter 2:21, to share in Christ's sufferings (Philip. 1:29)
6. 1 Corinthians 7:15, to live in peace with one another
7. Ephesians 4:1, walk worthy of our calling

8. The security of our election: God's character is the guarantee of our election.
A. Faithful is He who calls you, who also will do it. 1 Thessalonians 5:24
B. God is faithful: 1 Corinthians 1:9
C. Rom. 8:33, Who can bring a charge against God's elect? It is God who justifies. In other words, the "fact" of justification (Romans 5:1) is the security of election.

9. The election of Israel: Acts 13:17; This refers to the "choosing" of the nation of Israel for a specific function in God's plan and has nothing to do with "salvation." All it is telling us is that God "chose" the forefathers as those who would build His special nation.

A. Rom. 11:1-7
Verse 5, "a remnant according to an election of grace," does not refer to the nation of Israel, but to those "out from" Israel who trusted in Jesus as the Messiah and became members of the "new" priestly body made up of both Jew and Gentile, Ie, the church. (Eph. 2:11-18).

B. Concerning Israel:

1. Israel, as a nation, has been rejected by God, but will be once again brought into a place of priestly function.

2. This is separate from the church, but still centers around the divine plan for redemption which is THE ELECTION.

3. All Israel being saved refers to the fact that the nation "as a whole" will be in a "salvation" relationship with God through trust in Messiah.

4. This will happen during the 70th week as a result of the tribulation and the Day of the Lord judgments through which God will "judge between the fat sheep and the lean sheep" (Ezekiel 34:20) and "will destroy the fat and the strong," (Ezekiel 34:16).

5. The end result will be that, "all Israel will be saved," (Romans 11:26) as God enters into a salvation "covenant" with them (Romans 11:27) and will establish them once again as a priestly nation to live in the Divine Palestinian Land Grant, when "I Yahweh will be their God and My servant David will be prince among them," (Ezekiel 34:24).

C. Romans 11:28-29,

1. "According to the gospel they are enemies for your sake,"

a. As a whole, the people of Israel have rejected Jesus as the Messiah and are therefore "enemies" of the gospel and of the church.

b. And they will continue in this condition of "hardness of heart" (Romans 11:25), until God brings to a close His plan for the "Royal Priesthood" (1 Pet. 2:9), which is comprised of both Jews and Gentiles.

c. This is called, "when the fullness of the Gentiles comes in" (Romans 11:25).

2. "but according to the standard of THE election, they are beloved for the sake of the fathers."

a. The "standard of THE ELECTION" refers to God's plan for saving those who trust in the Messiah. That is why it is called "an election of GRACE," (Romans 11:5).

b. This has been the method of salvation since God gave Adam and Eve the first salvation promise in Genesis 3:15. (Genesis 4:26, "calling upon the name of Yahweh.")

c. Later, He personally chose Abraham and his descendants to be the human source for the Messiah coming into the world, and through that "choice," the nation of Israel would function as the special evangelistic agent to showcase the redemptive plan of God through her physical "Levitical" priesthood.

d. That "choice" is not THE ELECTION to salvation, but the USE of the nation to be the messenger of salvation. If the nation becomes characterized by apostasy (which it did) then it will fail as the messenger and God would remove it from its function.

e. However, God still has a plan to use the nation in the future, "for the sake of the fathers," to whom he gave the original promises.

3. It is the same "election of grace." It is the same salvation provision that is available to all peoples.
They, as are all peoples, are the objects of divine love. (John 3:16; Rom. 5:8).
Even though they are enemies of the cross; of the gospel of Jesus Christ, they are still loved by God and the message of "repent and believe the gospel" will continue to be proclaimed to them until finally, "all Israel will be saved."
Rom. 11:30-32
Because of the whole salvation process: the rejection of Israel, the acceptance of the Gentiles; the establishment of the church, the gospel proclamation of the church - many out from the Jews will become saved.
The whole process is to provide salvation mercy to ALL.

Even though the nation failed and were removed from participating in the promises made to "the fathers," the fact of those promises was not removed. The Jewish people, as part of "God so loved the world," can participate in the election of grace through faith in Christ. And later the NATION itself through those Jews (the 144k bond servants) who trust in Christ after the rapture will again become participants in the "olive tree."
And then those who remain alive after Armageddon will experience fully the promises made to Abraham and David in the earthly Davidic kingdom. (Is. 65:22).

4. "For the sake of the fathers," refers to the promise to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob that they would be the source of spiritual blessings to all peoples (Gen. 22:18; 26:4; 28:14).

a. No matter how much the nation has failed in the past, "the gifts and calling of God are irrevocable" (Romans 11:29) and God will once again USE the nation as His priestly agent to represent Messianic truth to the world.

b. This will be centered in Jerusalem during the Messiah's 1000 earthly reign (Isaiah 2:2-4).

5. But only those who trust in Jesus will be saved and enter into that kingdom plan for Israel (Joel 2:32).

          D. At 2Timothy 2:10 "the choosing" (election) does not refer to
           the nation of Israel.

       "For this reason I endure all things for the sake of those who
        are chosen, that they also also may obtain the salvation which
        is in Christ Jesus along with eternal glory."

       Paul uses the elektos in the same way that he used eklogā in
       Romans 11.
       Verse 5, a remnant according to the election of grace.
       kata eklogā charis.
       Verse 7, Israel did not attain to what they were seeking
       (righteousness) but the election (eklogā) obtained it.
       The eklogā is the new priestly body composed of both Jew and
       Gentile individuals.
       Each individual of course is saved based on personal faith in
       Paul is dedicated even in the most severe of sufferings to
       maintain his ministry of proclaiming the gospel so that any who
       are of the elect (the eklogā), that is ANY who might become
       members of the elect, would hear and respond.

10. The elect of Matthew 24:22, 24, 31 and Mark 13:20, 22 , 27 in the context of a "pre-wrath rapture of the church" refers to the elect of the church. They are designated as "HIS elect." That is, Christ's elect. Not the elect of Israel, and not "God's" elect in general, but specifically, CHRIST'S elect.
The PROPHECY PERSPECTIVE section provides detailed explanation of the pre-wrath rapture.

11. Orientation to terminology: The difference between "called" and "elect"

A. Called: The word group, klātos (kaleō, klāsis) describes our election with emphasis on the believer's function and responsibility here on earth. It also is used to indicate the "invitation" aspect of God's plan of salvation. "many are called (as in all) but few are chosen," Matthew 22:14

B. Elect: The word group, eklektos (eklegomai) describes our election with emphasis on the believer's position in union with Christ. The STATUS of election. Sometimes this word is translated as "chosen." We are "chosen" by God to be part of His plan because we accept His invitation through faith.

C. Both words are used together at: Revelation 17:14; 2 Pet. 1:10; Mat. 22:14

For more details see: VOLITIONAL THEOLOGY

ELIHU: Reasons Why He is the Hero of the book of Job

1. Elihu expressed viewpoint objectivity: Job 32.1-3

(principle of Eph. 4.26 and Jude 23)

2. Elihu expressed humble objectivity: Job 32.4-10

(1 Timothy 5.1)

3. Elihu expressed patient objectivity: Job 32.11

(2 Tim. 2.24)

4. Elihu expressed open objectivity: Job 32.12

(1 Thessalonians 5.20-22

5. Elihu expressed uncompromising objectivity: Job 32.13-22

(Titus 1.9-10)

6. Elihu expressed gracious objectivity: Job 33.1

(2 Timothy 2.24-25)

7. Elihu expressed righteous objectivity: Job 33.2-3

(1 Corinthians 14.37)

8. Elihu expressed confident objectivity: Job 33.4-7; 36.1-4

(1 Timothy 4.12; Gal. 5.7-9)

9. Elihu expressed insightful objectivity: Job 33.8-12

(Galatians 6.1)

10. Elihu expressed beneficent objectivity: Job 33.29-33

(Romans 15.1; Galatians 6.1-2)

11. Elihu expressed justice objectivity: Job 34.10-15

12. Elihu expressed rebuking objectivity: Job 35.1-16

(2 Timothy 4.2)

13. Elihu's evaluation of Job is echoed by God: Job 35.16 with 38.2

14. Elihu functions as the herald of God's arrival: Job 36.24-33; 37.1-24

15. God rebukes Job and his three friends; not Elihu:

Job 38.1-3; 40.1-9; 42.7


The Emotions

1. Man is composed of body, soul and spirit. 1 Thes. 5:23

2. The soul of man is designated by the words nephesh (Hebrew) and psuchā (Greek).
It is composed of 2 basic elements; mentality and emotion. Ps. 26:2, mind and heart.

A. The word "mind" is the Hebrew word, kilyAh and refers to the emotions.
B. "Heart" refers to the mentality of the soul.

3. The Hebrew and Greek languages uses terms of the "physical" body to describe the function of the inner workings of man.

A. The mentality of the soul is called the heart and as such is the "controller" of the soul. (Heb = lābh; Grk = kardia).

B. The emotion of the soul is designated by belly, kidneys or inward parts. As such, the emotions are viewed as "subservient" to the heart or mentality.

C. Hebrew: beten, kilyAh, mayim
D. Greek: splangna, nephros

4. The normal function of the soul:

A. The heart is to contain knowledge and standards of divine viewpoint which determine the character and stability of the soul. Pr. 14:33
Provides restraints to the sin nature - Ps. 119:11.

B. The emotions then respond to those standards through proper expressions of appreciation or rejection.

C. Job 32:18-19

1. For I am full of words: divine viewpoint content in the soul (heart).
2. The spirit within me: Not the Holy Spirit

a. within me: in my inward parts: beten= in my emotional framework.

b. spirit: the technical use of "spirit" to indicate influence or attitude or disposition.

c. Thus, the influence of my emotions

3. presses upon me: tsuq - hiphil perfect

a. The emotions properly responding to the content of the heart are excited and anxious to express themselves.

b.The pressing is the intense emotional response to a heart with divine viewpoint standards.

4. v. 19, my belly (beten) is like un-vented wine. This describes the intensity of the emotional desire.

5. V. 20-22

a. When the heart is filled with divine viewpoint, it has resources to contribute to the needs of others.

b. the emotions in proper response to the heart have an intense desire to meet those needs. application of grace and generosity.

c. Here, the needs are met by an accurate and impartial communication of divine truth to the hearers.

5. The abnormal function of the soul.

A. The heart is deficient of divine viewpoint standards and is unable to provide stable guidance for the soul.

B. The sin nature takes control and influences the emotions to rebel and dictate to the soul, behavior and attitudes based on the character of the sin nature which results in subjectivity and instability.

C. Lamentations 1:20, emotional turmoil because of a rebellious heart.

1. There is distress in me: (tsar) total soul calamity.
2. My spirit is: māeh = inward parts (emotions, mayim)
3. Are greatly troubled: aggravated. The status of the emotions when the heart is in rebellion. The aggravation of the emotions results in revolt and the overthrow of the "control" of the heart through influence from the sin nature.

4. My heart: lābh - the controller of the soul.
5. Is overturned: authority is usurped by the emotions/sin nature.
6. For: this explains the reason. What has happened in the past to bring about this "shut down" of the heart and the revolt of the emotions.

7. I have been very rebellious: the volition of the heart shuts down adherence to divine viewpoint standards. This is rebellion against divine design, and the sin nature takes control.

a. The heart rebels against God.
b. The sin nature is free of divine viewpoint restraints.
c. The emotions have no "truth" in the soul to respond to and are in a state of agitated aggravation.

d. Since the authority of the heart is "shut down," the emotions search for stability in any way they can.

e. The sin nature, now in authority, influences the emotions to dictate behavior and attitude to the soul based on the distorted character of the sin nature.

6. The emotions under control by the heart:

A. Pr. 23:15-16
B. Song of Sol. 5:4
C. Philip. 1:7-8
D. Philip. 1:8 cf. 2:1 and Philemon v. 20
E. Prov. 22:17-18, Since knowledge in the heart controls the emotions, this passage instructs us to keep knowledge "in" the emotions.

F. Psalm 40:8, your law is within my inward parts (mayim) both soul and spirit.

7. The emotions in revolt:

A. Psalm 73:21-22

1. My heart was embittered: volitional failure to adhere to divine viewpoint standards in the face of pressure and adversity.

2. And I was pierced in my emotions: (kilyAh) When the heart shuts down, the emotions are left hanging and they revolt and take control through sin nature influence.

3. I was senseless: baar (See Ps. 92:6, a senseless man has no knowledge). The word indicates un-receptiveness toward divine viewpoint. Negative attitude toward truth and hardness of heart.

4. And ignorant: lo yAda = not knowing. Knowledge, frame of reference, conscience, viewpoint - - all shut down through his negative attitude and the control of the emotions through the sin nature.

5. I was like an animal: operating without moral or spiritual restraint.

6. There is no stability when the emotions are in control.

B. Lamentations 3:1-20 - Same pattern.

1. The heart shuts down through maximum depression and bitterness toward God. v. 5, 15, 17-18, 20. The sin nature influences the emotions.

2. The emotions are "pierced" - left hanging without control so they revolt and take control of the soul (v. 13).

3. The emotions try to find stability but cannot. Instead, they are occupied with the pressure and continually fluctuate in frustration and misery. v. 17-20.

4. With the emotions in control, the soul can only attack and blame God for the distress. v. 1-18 , "He has . . ."

C. Job 15:35, Soul is characterized by deception
D. Job 20:20, discontentment
E. Jer. 12:2, hypocritical
F. 2 Cor. 6:12, hinders further reception of divine viewpoint information.
G. Prov. 13:25, insatiable and unappeasable desires.
H. Prov. 18:8, thrive on gossip in the sphere of self-righteousness.

8. False teachers in emotional revolt: Rom. 16:18; Philip. 3:19

9. The examination of the emotions:

A. God is the evaluator of the soul. Ps. 139:23; Heb. 4:12
B. The Lord examines the emotions: Mentioned 6 times and each time directly in connection with the heart.

C. The proper function of the emotions is based on content of the heart.
D. Therefore, if the emotions are to be evaluated, it must be on the basis of heart content and volitional consistency.

E. So the heart and the emotions are evaluated together.
Ps. 7:9; 26:2; Jer. 11:20; 17:10; 20:12; Rev. 2:23

10. The sin nature and the emotions working together, destroy the proper experience of life. They take the principles of divine morality and worship and then distort them to the point of personal and group slavery.

A. Religion and doctrinal error
B. Socialism and communism
C. Anarchy and revolution
D. The darkness process: Eph. 4:17-19 (See topic - darkness process)


EMOTIONAL Pressure Applied to Evangelism

Lewis Sperry Chafer writes:


"Too often methods have been employed requiring mere outward actions which, though sincere, may indicate no heart experience; and those outward actions may be motivated by the earnest appeal of loved ones and friends who, being themselves saved, do appreciate the importance of a decision for Christ. The pressure of these outside influences has been, in many instances, the chief dependence of the evangelist for his apparent success in his work. It is often recognized that the evangelist to be a success must possess a dominating and even overpowering personality. This with other psychological influences which are skillfully employed amount to what is almost an irresistible effect. All this mass of influence may be focused upon the unsaved individual to compel them to do something which perchance is no choice of his own, nor has it a vestige of virtue in the realm of that which constitutes a decision for Christ." (Systematic Theology, vol. 3, page 224).


EPHESIANS (outline)

1. Paul begins by focusing on the principle of divine provision for the human race by mentioning the spiritual blessings that we have IN CHRIST (Ephesians 1:3).

A. He delineates the basis for these spiritual blessings in verses 4-14, by listing the SEVEN factors of our salvation status.

1. Election: verse 4
2. Predestination: verse 5
3. Adoption: verse 5
4. Redemption: verse 7
5. Forgiveness of sins: verse 7
6. Inheritance: verse 11
7. Sealing: verses 13-14

B. In view of this, he prays that the believers might advance in growth and arrive at a knowledge of the THREE confidence factors for success in the Christian life (verses 15-23).

1. Confidence of status: expectation of our calling (verse 18)
2. Confidence of future inheritance: wealth of the glory of our inheritance (vese 18).
3. Confidence of experiential power source: The greatness of His power (verse 19).

2. The details of our salvation status are developed in Eph. 2:1-22.

A. Depravity: verses 1-3
B. Divine mercy and love: verse 4
C. Spiritual life: verse 5
D. Positional union in Christ (raised and seated): verse 6, 10
E. Grace: verse 8-9
F. Faith: verse 8-9
G. Saved (from wrath): verse 8-9
H. Experiential purpose (works): verse 10
I. Reconciliation: verses 11-20
J. Growth (number and character): verses 21-22

3. Orientation to mystery doctrine and the angelic conflict. Verses 1-13

A. Apostolic stewardship: verse 2, 7-8
B. Mystery revelation: verses 3-11
C. Spiritual conflict: verses 9-11

4. Prayer for progress in spiritual growth with a focus on functional maturity in the sphere of beneficent love: Ephesians 3:14-21

A. Holy Spirit as the teacher: verse 16
B. Rooted and grounded in (basic) love: verse 17b
C. Christ dwelling in the heart: verse 17a
D. Understanding of the whole plan (height, width, length, depth): Verse 18
E. Experiential knowledge of (advanced) love: verse 19
F. Spiritual maturity (filled up to the fullness of God): verse 20

5. Orientation to Christian Living: chapters 4-6

A. Humility and love: verses 1-3
B. SEVEN unity doctrines: verses 4-6
C. Spiritual gifts: verses 7-13
D. Growth: verses 11-16
E. New character: verses 17-32
F. Imitation of God: verses 5:1-14
G. Priority living: verses 15-21
H. Human relationships: verses 5:22 - 6:9
I. Spiritual combat: verses 6:10-20 The SEVEN pieces of the armor of God.

6. Final exhortation and the KEY to success. Ephesians 6:23-24

A. Desire for them to experience God's peace and love.

1. It is based on FAITH THINKING: with (meta) faith.
Associated with faith (thinking). Colossians 2:6; Romans 15:13

2. Eph. 3:17, Christ dwelling in the heart through faith-thinking.

B. Peace refers to the total relaxation of soul that has no conflict with self or others.

C. Love refers to the possession and expression of beneficent love, which seeks what is divinely beneficial for all people.

D. See 2 Corinthians 13:11

E. Grace be with all: this refers to God's grace provisions for advancing in Christian growth.

1. The principle and mechanics as outlined at 1 Peter 5:10.

2. The characteristic of Eternal Life Blessings in time (ELB) at 2 Peter 1:3, everything we need for life and worship through the epignosis of Him.

F. For those who love our Lord Jesus Christ IN PURITY.
aphtharsia - without corruption (distortion or compromise)
Compare the issue of friendship with the world at James 4:4.


EPHESIANS 2:8: "And THAT not of yourselves"

1. A. T. Robertson, Word Pictures in the N. T., Volume IV, page 525

Eph 2.8. For by grace (tei gar chariti). Explanatory reason.

"By the grace" already mentioned in verse 5 and so with the article. Through faith (dia piseos). This phrase he adds in repeating what he said in verse 5 to make it plainer. "grace" is God`s part, "faith" ours. And that (kai touto). Neuter, not feminine (taute), and so refers not to pistis (faith - feminine) or to charis (grace- feminine also), but to the act of being saved by grace conditioned on faith on our part. Paul shows that salvation does not have its source (ex humon, out of you) in men, but from God. Besides, it is God`s gift (doron) and not the result of our work.


2. Kenneth Wuest, Word Studies in the Greek N. T., Ephesians, p. 69.

(2:8-10) The definite article appears before the word "grace" here, pointing the reader back to the same statement in v.5, and informing him that the writer is to elaborate upon this previously mentioned statement. The reader of this exposition is urged to go back to the exegesis of verse 5 and refresh his memory as to the total meaning of Paul`s statement, "by grace are ye saved."

The words, "through faith" speak of the instrument or means whereby the sinner avails himself of this salvation which God offers him in pure grace. Expositors says: "Paul never says through the faith,` as if the faith were the ground or procuring cause of the salvation." Alford says: "It (the salvation) has been effected by grace and apprehended by faith."

The word "that" is touto, "this," a demonstrative pronoun in the neuter gender. The Greek word "faith" is feminine in gender and therefore touto could not refer to "faith." It refers to the general idea of salvation in the immediate context. The translation reads, "and this not out from you as a source, of God (it is) the gift." That is, salvation is a gift of God. It does not find its source in man. Furthermore, this salvation is not "out of a source of works." This explains salvation by grace. It is not produced by man nor earned by him. It is a gift from God with no strings tied to it. Paul presents the same truth in Romans 4:4,5 when speaking of the righteousness which God imputed to Abraham, where he says: "Now, to the one who works, his wages are not looked upon as a favor but as that which is justly or legally due. But to the one who does not work but believes on the One who justifies the impious, his faith is computed for righteousness."



1. The first of the 4 grace provisions for spiritual growth as outlined at 1 Peter 5:10. These are given by God to bring the believer to the place of maximum enjoyment of eternal life blessings here on earth.

A. Those blessings are in three categories:

1. Character development
2. The abundant life of peace, joy and stability.
3. Service capacity

B. This is called maturity (or completion) and is our "experiential" destiny in the plan of God.
C. It is designated as "exaltation" at 1 Peter 5:6, "humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God so that He may exalt you at the proper time."

2. Orientation to 1 Pet. 5:10

A. Verses 6-9 summarizes the activity that constitutes pursuing truth.

1. V. 6 - Humility
2. V. 7 - Trust
3. V. 8-9 - resist the deceptions of the devil in a context of extreme sufferings.

B. Verse 10a - "and after you have suffered for a little BIT."
This refers to the initial pressures and persecution that result from the positive attitude to pursue truth.

1. As a result of one's positive pursuit of truth and attendant with the initial pressures of that pursuit, God will administer the grace provisions for growth commensurate with the believer's continued involvement in the growth process.

2. The God of all grace who called you unto His eternal glory:
This refers to the salvation package. When God places us into His grace-plan he then provides additional grace to steer the believer into a consistent Christian experience here on earth.

3. These grace provisions are called, "equip, support, strengthen and stabilize."

3. The principle of 2 Tim. 3:16-17: So that the man of God might be -

A. adequate: artios - equipped and therefore capable.
B. equipped: exartidzo, perfect passive participle = fully furnished.
C. For every good work: True Christian service is through the application of bible truth into every area of life.

D. This begins with the basics and continues until there is comprehension of the "width, length, height and depth" of God's truth (Eph. 3:18).

4. The principle of Eph. 4:12: The purpose and result of the growth process utilizing God's policy for growth via the communication gifts. "For the EQUIPPING of the saints."

5. Thus the details of equipping grace fall into 4 categories.

A. The word itself as revelation from God: 2 Tim. 3:16-17; Rom. 15:4
B. Communication gifts for instruction: Eph. 4:11-12; 1 Thes. 5:12; 2 Tim. 2:2.

C. The local church as the classroom for instruction: 1 Cor. 14:9, 26-33; Heb. 10:25

D. The indwelling Holy Spirit as the teacher: 1 Cor.2:10-12; Jn. 14:26

6. Equipping grace provides the believer with the basic orientation needed to protect against the deluding influence of darkness doctrine. Eph. 4:13a, 14

A. Paul refers to that orientation as the "belt of truth" (Eph. 6:14).
B. Peter calls it the "milk of the word," (1 Pet. 2:1-2).

1. Paul at 1 Cor. 3:2
2. Hebrews 5:12

C. At Hebrews 5:12, it is also called the "elementary principles of the oracles of God."

D. Hebrews 6:1-2 lists the outline of the basics.
E. Paul's list is found at Eph. 4:3-6 under the heading, "The unity of the Spirit." Thus the designation, The 7 unity doctrines.

F. At Eph. 3:17, the success of equipping grace is called, "having been rooted."
G. Also at Col. 2:7, "having been rooted."

7. The whole perspective of the book of Hebrews is utilization of equipping grace so that God's support grace will become a reality.

A. Heb. 2:1 - Utilize equipping grace.
B. Heb. 2:5 through 5:10 - Orientation to support grace.
C. Heb. 5:11 through 6:8 - refocus on equipping grace because of the apparent deficiency in the recipients of the letter.

D. Heb. 6:9 through 12:3 - Amplification of support grace.
E. Heb. 12:4-29 - Orientation to divine justice as motivation to advance in the Christian way of life through spiritual growth.

F. Heb. 13 - final words of exhortation: v. 20-22 - get equipped.

8. The necessary attitude to utilize equipping grace can be summed up by three concepts.

A. TEACHABILITY: Teachability is the attitude that applies humility, honesty and objectivity in the study of God's word.

1. Humility recognizes one's need for instruction. It combats the independence of the sin nature by recognizing divine authority and policy as having jurisdiction over your life.
This is "the fear of the Lord" which is "the beginning of knowledge" as per Proverbs 1:7

2. Honesty is the genuine desire to come to a knowledge of truth.

3. Objectivity is application of the literal, historical, grammatical system of interpretation for the Bible.

B. TRUST: Trust combats sorrow and pressure factors by recognizing and using the promises of God for support here on earth. 1Pet. 5:7-9

C. REJOICING: Rejoicing combats sorrow and pressure attitudes by recognizing the benefits in following God's policy for life. James 1:2-4; 2 Cor. 13:11


9. The command to utilize God's equipping grace is simply to "grow" through both content and application. 1 Pet. 2:1-2; 2 Pet. 3:18; James 1:21
Application of the 7 "therefores" of 1 Peter.

10. The orientation that results from utilizing equipping grace (ie, learning the basics) paves the way for experiencing a consistent "faith rest life."

A. Faith rest is the life-style of knowing and trusting the promises of God for every situation and circumstance in life.

B. The availability of these promises comes form God's "support grace."

C. But even though the promises go beyond the basics, all the promises "hang" on the basics.

D. Equipping grace provides the basic outline.

E. Support grace puts meat on the bones.

F. Support grace shows us how the essence of the Godhead works out specifics in our life so we can continue to advance.

G. But without the basics, we won't have the capacity to understand the support from God found in His promises.

H. In order to truly claim a promise and fulfill Philip. 4:6, "stop worrying," we must understand the spiritual reality behind the promise.

1. It is not enough to say, "just trust God."

2. It is not enough to quote a promise.

3. It is not a religious or emotional "mechanic."

4. It is a total trust based on knowing beyond any shadow of doubt, that God is in control and is working all things together for spiritual value,not only in His plan, but for your personal life as well. That is what His goal is.

5. Illustrated at 1 Peter 1:13 and verses 17-21

11. As cultivation for "teachability" see Topic: The Urgency of Spiritual Growth

See the next three growth graces at 4 GRACE PROVISIONS FOR GROWTH





©Ron Wallace, Anyone is free to reproduce this material and distribute it,
but it may not be sold under any circumstances whatsoever without the author's consent.


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