These outlines are intended as "teaching guides" to the study of any particular topic. The outlines may leave many unanswered questions as to details since those details would be answered in the process of teaching from the scripture references provided. In addition, there may be vocabulary references and subject references that are unfamiliar. Hopefully before too long, all the necessary topics will be available to provide a balanced and complete theology.

Pronunciation guide

GREEK: Verbal Orientation

Hebrew Verbal Orientation

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VISIONS: BIBLE: The only revelation from God today

Volition is the God-given right and responsibility to function freely within the sphere of your own mentality. In other words, to think anything you want and make mental decisions for yourself. It is not however, the right to physically carry out those decisions. God reserves the right to prevent or permit any creature activity so that no one has the power to "do" unless God permits it.

It is thus, the volitional responsibility of every member of the human race to make a mental decision concerning the issues of God's claim upon his life.

Accordingly, it is God's responsibility to provide man with the information he needs in order to make that decision.

On every page of scripture we see the presence and function of volition or "free will" as some have called it. But keep in mind that "free will" is not the right to "act" but the right to "think" anything you want.
See more here: 
Volitional Theology (Foundations Section)


1. Orientation to FELLOWSHIP with God:
Rom. 8:8, They that are in the flesh cannot please God

If you are out of fellowship with God, it does not matter what you say or what you do. NOTHING you do can please Him. Positive speech MAY lessen overt ramifications in your life while you are out of fellowship, but it is absolutely meaningless when it comes to being "right with God."

2. Orientation to CONTROL: James 4:1-10

3. Orientation to VOCABULARY: What? How? Where? Why?

A. The first issue is DEFINITION: What does the word mean in common usage?

1. Consider multiple meanings.
2. Consider homonyms.

B. The second issue is CONTEXT: How are you using the word?

1. Instructional
2. Personal
3. Confrontational

C. The third issue is LOCATION: Where are you using the word?

Cultural, geographical, linguistic and age considerations.

D. The third issue is MOTIVATION: Why are you using the word?

1. Rom. 12:14, positive vs. negative intentions
2. Purpose: service to God - 1 Cor. 10:31; Col. 3:17

4. Orientation to SPEECH: FIVE factors for Christian speech

A. The glory factor: 1 Cor. 10:31, to all to the glory of God
B. The testimony factor: 1 Pet. 2:12; 1 Tim. 4:12; Prov. 16:13
C. The offense factor: 1 Cor. 10:32, give no offense
D. The benefit factor: 1 Cor. 10:33 (sumphoros); 1 Cor 16:14 (love)

1. For blessing: Rom. 12:14 (positive vs. negative intentions)
Prov. 12:18, like the thrusts of a sword

2. Seasoned with salt: Col. 4:5-6 (wisdom)
3. For peace: Rom. 14:19
4. For edification: Rom. 14:19
5. Gives grace: Eph. 4:29, humility and generosity issue

E. The revenge factor: Rom. 12:17-19, no "pay-backs."

5. Orientation to CHANGE (Spiritual growth) 2 Peter 2:2; James 1:19-25

A. Rom. 12:2, be transformed by the renewing of the mind
B. 2 Cor. 7:1, cleanse yourselves from all defilement of soul & body.
C. Eph. 4:22-24, be renewed in the spirit of your mind



1. The premise: Job 19:2, pain and misery

2. The sin nature promotes self-centeredness and independence from God.

From this self-centeredness comes that which is non-beneficial (evil) to both self and others (Mark 7:20-23; Gal. 5:19-21).

The sin nature distorts the natural "moral" design in the soul and seeks only self-gratification (Gen. 8:21; Ec. 7:29; 9:3).

3. All sins are first manifested in the mental attitude. Psalm 5:9; James 1:21; Prov. 23:6-8

A. These negative attitude expressions attack the integrity and stability of the soul. 1 Pet. 2:11; Jams 1:13.

B. Every believer will be tested by wrong desires, either because the desire itself is wrong or it is expressed as a wrong priority.

C. Every desire in our thinking pattern should be examined by the light of the Divine Value System found in God's word. Heb. 4:12; 2 Cor. 10:5b

D. We will always have certain desires because of the presence of the sin nature which wages war against the soul (1 Pet. 2:11; Rom. 7:15-21).

E. Truth in the soul will provide the arsenal for defeating the invasion of the sin nature lusts. Ps. 119:11; Rom. 13:14

F. If the believer does not have divine viewpoint in his soul, he will have to face the sin nature lusts with human viewpoint.

The result will be failure to defeat the sin nature and the believer will reap the consequences of the sin nature's control. Prov. 1:20-33

1. The emotions dictate to the MIND and CONSCIENCE to make the fulfillment of the lust appear to be logical and beneficial.

2. Emotions dictate to self-consciousness (ego) so that every attitude, action, and word seeks to promote self - and accordingly, attack anyone or anything that stands in the way.

4. Verbal sins are simply an expression of the mental attitude.
What they do in effect, is to transfer those mental sins to others as soul "venom." James 3:7-8

A. The venom of sin in the soul is transferred through the tongue.
B. When you gossip, malign, criticize, ridicule and complain, you are a snake shooting your mental poison into the hearers.
This causes a potential "miano" epidemic that spreads until "many are defiled," (Heb. 12:15).

C. The only way to prevent this venom to affect others is to prevent it from residing in your own soul to start with.

1. The believer must learn from the bible, all about venomous mental attitudes. Apply Philip. 2:1-8; Rom. 12:16

2. Recognize his own soul pollution and cleanse it through confession of sin and advance in spiritual growth.

3. Deal with mental sins BEFORE they become verbal so the poisonous pollution will not spread.

4. After verbal sin does occur, use confession and take steps that may be necessary to offset the negative effects of your "bite."
Application of James 5:16 and Eph. 4:25, 29

D. When you "get bit" by a verbal sin, use the doctrinal "snake-bite kit" to prevent the negative effects.

1. Identify the snake that bit you. Recognize the verbal sin and the probable mental sin behind it.

2. Recognize the nature of the mental pollution and remove the venom from your soul by application of the Divine Value System and confession of sin if necessary.

3. Keep the snake from biting you again by telling him that you do not want to participate in that type of conversation.

a. Apply the doctrine of exhortation and mending.
Rom. 15:1-2; Gal. 6:1

b. Apply the doctrine of separation if necessary.

E. Verbal sins indicate three things.

1. That intense mental sins are saturating the soul

2. That as a result, the self-consciousness is being controlled by the emotions.

3. And that soon, there will be overt changes in their life (action sins) in order to satisfy the urges of the mental sins involved.


5. The root cause of verbal sins is bitterness. This is the basis for the venomous pollution that defiles others. Heb. 12:15

A. Bitterness and the resultant verbal sins begin when the believer fails to take responsibility for his own soul.
episkopeo, present active participle = "keeping alert so that there be no one who comes short . . ."

B. This failure is called "coming short of grace."

1. hustereo as a present active participle used as a substantive.
It means, "one who comes short."

2. This person misses the true value of grace.

3. Grace provides freedom. Freedom from the legalism of others and freedom from self-slavery

4. Grace indicates humility adjustment to the character and plan of God.

5. Humility realizes that God provides all we need for life and godliness.

6. But volition must choose to respond to that provision, and when we fail to take responsibility for that proper soul response, we come short of true freedom in grace.

7. The proper faith response is to be based on Heb. 13:5-6.

C. Creature arrogance rejects Divine provision and embraces what human viewpoint thinks is better. But since there is nothing better, all that results is failure and then bitterness (pikria).

D. The root of bitterness springs up and dominates the soul.
(present active participle of phuo refers to the lust of James 1:14)

E. This causes trouble: the present active subjunctive of enochleo, refers to the cluster of mental sins that result from bitterness (anger, hatred, fear) and the cluster of verbal sins that result from them.

F. These verbal sins are then actually throwing the garbage and excrement of the soul onto others, and many become defiled. miaino as a present passive subjunctive indicates the potential for many to become covered with pollution.

G. This pollution is described by three other images in Scripture.

1. The thrusts of a sword: Prov. 12:18
2. Fire: James 3:5-6
3. shoots venom: James 3:8

6. Verbal sins fall into 4 categories.

A. DECEIT: dolos, in general, refers to all types of deception or misrepresentation.

1. Lying: usually for self-protection (or others)
Ex. 20:16; Pr. 6:16-19; 25:18

2. Flattery: Ps. 5:9; 12:2-3; 28:23; 55:21; Pr. 26:24-28; Rom. 16:18; 1 Thes. 2:5

3. Boasting: 1 Cor. 4:6-7; Pr. 25:11-14; 27:2 (hypocrisy)

4. Oaths: James 5:12; Ex. 20:7; Mat. 5:33-37

5. Exaggeration: He who tells "white lies" soon becomes color blind.
(either consciously or unconsciously).

6. Gossip: The content of the gossip may be deceptive.

7. Verbal bleeding: solicitation for sympathy.

a. Personal "bleeding"
b. Criticism of things and people

B. SLANDER: katalalia means to speak down or against someone (1Pet. 2:1).

1. Defamation of character: Col. 3:8, blasphāmia

2. Verbal abuse: loidoreo, 1 Pet. 3:8-9; 1 Cor. 4:12

3. Complaining/argumentation: (slanders God's character and plan).
Philip. 2:14; 1 Cor. 10:10. (gongusmos = emotional rationalization)

4. Rationalization: Philip. 2:14, dialogismos = human viewpoint rationalization of reality.

5. Ridicule: 2 Kings 2:23-24; Insensitive joking, Eph. 5:4

6. Judging: Mat. 7:1-5; James 4:11-12; 5:9; Rom. 14:1-13

7. Gossip: Pr. 11:13; 16:28; 17:9; 18:8; 20:19; 26:20;


C. THREATS: Desiring a curse upon someone. Rom. 12:14, 17-21; 1 Pet. 3:9


1. Eph. 4:29, rotten word (sapros)

2. Eph. 5:4, vocabulary filthiness (aischrotās);
Stupid talk (morologia)

3. Col. 3:8, shameful speech, aischrologia

7. Extensive verbal sins indicate creature arrogance and rejection of authority. Ps. 12:4

8. It is very valuable to limit one's verbal output if there is no control. James 1:19

9. Verbal sins lead to more evil and misery. Pr. 17:20b; 14:3; 30:32-33; James 3:7-8

10. So, deal with the mental attitude before it becomes verbal. Prov. 17:14; 15:1; Phil. 2:1-5

11. Verbal sins relate to your testimony as a believer. Pr. 25:9-10; 16:13

Good testimony: 1 Pet. 2:12; 1 Tim. 4:12

12. Control of the tongue is a sign of spiritual maturity and advance in spiritual growth.
Pr. 16:23-24; 11; 8, 12; James 3:1-2

13. Instead of verbal sins, let your tongue promote standards of grace and truth.
Rom. 12:14; 14:19; 1 Cor. 16:14; Eph. 4:29; 5:4; Col. 3:17; 4:5-6; 1 Pet. 3:9; Prov. 12:18


14. True capacity for life is only available to the believer who avoids the verbal sins.
Ps. 34:12-13 and 1 Pet. 3:9-12



1. The virgin birth was planned from eternity past and followed a designed order of events for its fulfillment. Ps. 2.7a; Gal. 4.4

2. The virgin birth was prophesied in the Old Testament: Is. 7.14

3. Virgin birth was accomplished by God: Luke 1.35; Ps. 2.7b

4. Christ's attitude at the time of the virgin birth. Heb. 10.5-9

5. The virgin birth accomplished the hypostatic union. Deity and true humanity united in one entity in order to accomplish the plan of the ages.

A. Emmanuel

B. John 1.1-3, 14

C. Phil. 2.6-9

D. 1 Jn. 4.2; 1 Tim. 3.16; Rom. 1.3

6. Reason for the virgin birth. The perfect work of salvation demanded a perfect savior. Therefore sinless in all 3 areas.

A. Imputed sin: From Adam - bypassed

B. Inherent sin (sin nature): from Adam and Eve - bypassed

C. personal sin: from volition - 1 Peter 2.22; Jn. 8.29

7. Jesus was born of the virgin Mary (Luke 2.11), and accordingly Mary was the mother of Jesus, ie, his humanity. But Mary was and is not the mother of God.

A. She did not remain a virgin: Mt. 1.25; Jn. 2.12

B. She was not sinless: Rom. 3.23; Mk. 3.21, 31-35

C. She died physically: Heb. 9.27

D. She did not and has not received a resurrection body. 1 Cor. 15.23




©Ron Wallace, Anyone is free to reproduce this material and distribute it,
but it may not be sold under any circumstances whatsoever without the author's consent.


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