These outlines are intended as "teaching guides" to the study of any particular topic. The outlines may leave many unanswered questions as to details since those details would be answered in the process of teaching from the scripture references provided. In addition, there may be vocabulary references and subject references that are unfamiliar. Hopefully before too long, all the necessary topics will be available to provide a balanced and complete theology.

Pronunciation guide

GREEK: Verbal Orientation

Hebrew Verbal Orientation

Return to LETTER bar


The RAPTURE of the church
The Rapture in Matthew 24:31

Rapture and Second Advent: Comparison of passages

Rapture: PreWrath





The Renovation of the Universe




The Restrainer

Resurrection of Christ: Summary

Resurrection of Christ: Links to apologetic articles

Resurrection of Christ: Divine Security Factors

Resurrection: facts of proof

Resurrection Harmony

RESURRECTION of the human race

RESURRECTION: The Order Of The Resurrections


RESUSCITATION: Or Restoration to life

Book of Revelation: chronology

REVELATION: BIBLE: The only revelation from God today


Reward Seat of Christ





The ROCK: Christ

Reconciliation (Peace WITH God)

1. Definition: The reunion of two antagonistic parties (God and man) through the removal of the enmity that was between them.

2. The need for reconciliation:

A. There exists an enmity: The depravity of the human race.
(the sin nature and personal sins)

B. Romans 5:6-10; (H.U.S.E.) Helpless (cant do anything to solve the
problem), ungodly (sin nature), sinners (personal sin), enemies.

C. Eph. 2:1-3; dead in trespasses and sins.

D. Rom. 5:12, the presence of the sin nature

E. Col. 1:21, hostile in mind (nature); engaged in evil deeds (sins).

F. Col. 2:13, dead in transgressions (sins) and the uncircumcision of
your flesh (sin nature).

3. The provision for reconciliation comes from the divine decree of God's sovereignty. Col. 1:19-20

4. The basis for reconciliation is the work of Christ on the cross.

A. Col. 1:19-20; Isaiah 53:5; Eph. 2:13; Rom. 5:10
B. Christ the mediator: 1 Tim. 2:5-6; Heb. 9:15
C. At Col. 1:23, the "IF you continue" clause, pertains to being presented to God as holy and blameless and not to the fact of reconciliation. It relates to the experiential purpose of reconciliation through growth and fellowship that changes character, and is not pertinent to the doctrine of salvation security.

5. The reality of reconciliation is experienced only through faith in Christ. Rom. 5:1
Faith accomplishes justification which is the removal of the enmity - And the result is the reunion - peace with God.

6. The description of reconciliation based on Eph. 2:12-19

A. v. 13, brought near
B. v. 14, Jew and Gentile united
C. v. 15, made into one new man
D. v. 15, Established peace
E. v. 16, one body
F. v. 18, Access to God by the Spirit
G. v. 19, strangers and aliens no longer
H. v. 19, fellow citizens with the saints (Phil. 3:20)
I. v. 19, Of God's household.

7. The Mosaic law taught reconciliation by the peace offerings of the Levitical sacrificial system. Lev. 7:11-34

8. The prophets taught reconciliation as accomplished by the work of the Messiah. Isaiah 53:5; 57:15-21 (Psalm 85:8-13)

9. Reconciliation is clearly taught through the praise and prophecy which occurred during the events of the birth of Christ. Luke 1:76-79; 2:14

10. John the Baptizer's message is reconciliation: Luke 1:15-17

11. Messiah's message is reconciliation: Luke 4:16-21; John 14:6

12. All believers are ambassadors for Christ and have the ministry of reconciliation. 2 Corinthians 5:18-20

A. The responsibility of the ambassador is to represent his nation before the government and people of a foreign nation.

B. Believers are citizens of heaven (Phil. 3:20) living here on earth which is a foreign country. (1 Pet. 1:1, 17; 2:11)

C. The ambassador's job is always to promote peace as illustrated by Luke 14:31-32; Proverbs 13:17.

D. It is our job to promote the cause of "spiritual" peace among the natives of this foreign nation (the world). We have the ministry of reconciliation, 2 Cor. 5:18.

E. All unbelievers are the enemies of God through their citizenship in the kingdom of darkness.

F. We promote the cause of peace with God by giving them the message of reconciliation, 2 Cor. 5:19.

G. The message is, "be reconciled to God." v. 20.

H. And so the gospel is called the gospel of peace. Eph. 6:15

I. Heb. 12:14, pursuing peace with all men is evangelism.

J. The peacemakers of Mat. 5:9 are proclaiming the gospel of peace.

13. Application of reconciliation to the Christian way of life.

A. Knowledge of our access to God is a source of appreciation and happiness. Romans 5:1-5

B. It is because of reconciliation that the abundant life is available to us. Isaiah 57:21; Rom. 5:1-5

C. Orientation to reconciliation gives us motivation for spiritual growth and service. 1 Peter 2:3



1. The need for redemption: Slavery to sin

A. Natural sin: Presence of a sin nature,
B. Personal sin: acts of sin committed throughout one's life
C. Physical curse on the body: physical death

2. Definition: Payment for and release from the debt incurred by Adam's original sin.

A. Positional redemption:

1. Forgiveness of all personal sins: Eph. 1:7
2. Delivered from the sin nature: Rom. 6:1-11

B. Forgiveness extended into experience: 1 John 1:7
C. Physical redemption through resurrection: Rom. 8:23

3. The price of redemption was the spiritual death of Christ. He carried the sins of all the world in His own body on the cross and experienced judgment from God for all mankind (unlimited atonement).

A. 1 Pet. 2:24; John 1:29
B. Represented by the term "blood of Christ." 1 John 1;7; 1 Pet. 1:18-19.
C. Isaiah 53:10, His soul as a guilt offering.

4. The ransom was paid for all members of the human race. 1 Tim. 2:5-6
See, Topic: Unlimited atonement. 1 John 2:2; Heb. 2:9; Titus 2:11

5. But redemption is only a reality for individuals who trust Christ as their savior.
1 Tim. 4:10; Rom. 3:24-25; Eph. 1:11-13

6. Redemption was taught in the Old Testament through the Levitical sacrificial system. Heb. 7-10 plus Lev. 1-3. This system was symbolic for what Christ would accomplish and He fulfilled the symbolism. Heb. 9:1-12, 22

7. The results of redemption

A. Positional freedom from the sin nature: Jn. 8:36; Ps. 34:22: Rom. 6:1-7
B. Adoption as sons: Gal. 4:3-6
C. Eternal inheritance: Heb. 9:15
D. Justification: Rom. 3:24
E. Forgiveness of all sins: Eph. 1:7; Col. 1:14
F. sonctification "IN CHRIST." Eph. 5:25-26
G. Freedom from the curse of the law: Gal. 3:13
H. Basis for receiving the Holy Spirit at the moment of salvation: Gal. 3:14; 4:4-6
I. Christian life victory over the sin nature: Gal. 5:16
J. The Christian now belongs to God and not to himself. 1Cor. 6:19-20; 2 Cor.5:15

8. Knowing the doctrine of redemption and the certainty of God's promise can be a source of great stability and comfort during this life, whether in adversity or prosperity.

A. Confidence of salvation: Job 19:25-27;
B. Salvation security: Heb. 9:12
C. Promotes occupation with the character and plan of God. 1 Pet. 1:17-19
D. Promotes consistency in service: 1 Cor. 6:20; 7:23

9. The words of redemption:

A. agoradzō: to buy, purchase, pay a price
B. exagoradzō: to buy out from the market place; buy one's freedom by paying the price required for that freedom.

C. lutroō: to set free, rescue by paying the required price.
D. lutrōsis: noun, a release, rescue, deliverance from debt
E. appolutrōsis: a release, freeing of a slave based on the price being paid.


1. Definition: Regeneration is the spiritual birth (born again) that gives you spiritual life and a new relationship with God as His child.
Regeneration (the new birth) is actually our entrance into God's family and plan of salvation.

2. The need for regeneration:
A. Ephesians 2:1, dead in sin = spiritual death and requires new life.
B. John 8:44, child of the devil (This requires a change in relationship)
C. Therefore, it is necessary: John 3:3, 5, "you must be born again."

3. The source of the New birth is God and is based on God's character and plan.
A. Sovereignty: James 1:18. "having been willed, He birthed us by the word of truth."
2 Pet. 3:9, "not willing for anyone to perish."
B. Love and mercy: Eph. 2:4-5, "He made us alive."

4. Provision: Made available through the redemption work of Christ on the cross. Col. 2:13-14; John 3:14-15.

5. Message: The word of God provides the good news concerning the new birth and is the agent of regeneration. Ie. the Word of God is the "seed" which sprouts in the soul and grows when watered by the FAITH response of man. 1 Pet. 1:23; James 1:18; Jn. 3:5; 4:14 (water = the word of the gospel; good news).
Romans 10:17, "so then faith comes through hearing, and hearing by the word of Christ."

6. Response: We enter the new birth through faith in Christ. John 1:12.
Gal. 3:26, "You are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus."
John 3:3-16, "whoever believes in Him has everlasting life."

7. Mechanics: The new birth is accomplished by the work of the Holy Spirit who imparts spiritual life to the one who trusts in Christ. Jn. 3:5, 8; Titus 3:5.
"By the washing of regeneration and the renewing by the Holy Spirit."

8. Regeneration is accomplished totally apart from human merit or works.
A. Man is helpless: Rom. 5:6
B. Ephesians 2:1-9, Grace through faith, not of works.
C. Titus 3:5, not by works of righteousness which we have done.
D. John 1:12-13, Not out from blood (heredity); Not out from the will of the flesh (the sin nature - refers to individual desire and effort); Not out from the will of man (collective efforts through religion and various philosophies and isms).

9. Because we are children of God we have many spiritual privileges.
A. From the standpoint of our positional "status" in the family:
1. New life: Jn. 3:36; Jn. 10:10; Gal. 2:20.
Become children of God. John 1:12-13.
2. Deliverance from Satan's kingdom. Acts 26:18; Col. 1:13; 1 Jn. 5:4-13.
Transfer out from darkness into light.
3. Sonship: Gal. 3:26; 4:4-5 (adoption) Eph. 1:3-6
4. Heirship: Gal. 4:6-7; Rom. 8:12-17
5. Citizen of heaven: Phil. 3:20

B. From the perspective of function we have access to the "family provisions."
See Topic: Family provisions.

10. Greek words for regeneration:
A. palingenesia: noun, rebirth; Titus 3:5; Mat. 19:28 (2 times)
B. anagennaō: To give birth again, be born again (2 times) 1 Pet. 1:3, 23
C. gennaō: Plus anōthen (again) = to be born again, Jn. 3:3, 5, 7 (3 times).
D. apolueō: to give birth to, James 1:18 (1 time)

11. Detailed study of John 3:1-18 should be made.
12. Summary passage for the believer's "family" responsibility: 1 Pet. 1:13-21



1. Reigning with Christ as a reward, probably falls under the reward-category, "glory," for it speaks of authority in function. 1 Pet. 1:7

A. Praise: refers to accolades like "well done."
B. Honor: refers to being recognized with various "symbols" of your faithfulness. This includes the 4 crowns of Christian success.

C. Glory: refers to having a function of authority that puts you in an exalted position of some kind.

2. Believers will reign in life through Christ. Rom. 5:17

3. Those purchased during the church age will reign upon the earth.
Probably the millennium is in view. Rev. 5:10

4. Saints will judge (govern, administrate affairs) the world.
This too is a reference to the millennial reign of Christ. 1 Cor. 6:2

A. All saints will have a "position" or "status" of reigning.
B. But the specifics of function are based on one's good works in time.

5. Saints will also judge (govern, administrate affairs) angels. 1Cor. 6:3
This probably refers to activity AFTER the millennial kingdom.

6. The 12 apostles have a specific "status" on 12 thrones with Jesus.

A. Mat. 19:28
B. Judas is excluded of course, and the 12 apostle takes his place.
C. There are only 12 apostles of the Lamb (Rev. 21:14)
D. The replacement for Judas is Paul, not Matthias. (See topic: Apostles)

7. Partakers of the first resurrection will be priests and reign with Christ for 1000 years. Rev. 20:6. Participants include -

A. Those at the rapture: Old and New testament believes.
B. Those martyred between the rapture and Armageddon. Rev. 20:4
C. Perhaps those resurrected after the 1000 years are over. Rev. 20:5.

If so, this would be the only place where this resurrection of millennial saints is mentioned.
(Some think that this group refers to the unrighteous dead.)

8. Our eternal reign with Christ is based on two things.

A. Sonship: Inheritance through birth; spiritual birth.

1. Gal. 3:26-29 - sons of God
2. Heb. 2:11-13 - brethren of Christ
3. Romans 8:17 - joint heirs

B. Marriage: the bride reigns with and beside her husband.

1. 1 Thes. 4:17; John 14:1-3
2. 2 Cor. 11:2; Rev. 19:7-8; 21:2, 9-14

9. The over-comer in Revelation 2 and 3 is the believer who experiences the benefits mentioned based on his salvation status.

A. The over-comer is the believer: 1 John 5:5; Rev. 12:11; Rev. 21:7
B. 11 salvation benefits are mentioned in Rev. 2-3 and only "salvation" benefits are mentioned except at Rev. 2:26.

C. Rev. 2:7

#1. Eats from the tree of life in The Paradise of God

D. Rev. 2:11

#2. Not be hurt by the second death

E. Rev. 2:17

#3. He will get the hidden manna
#4. He will get a white stone with a new name written on it

F. Rev. 3:5

#5. Clothed in white garments
#6. Name not erased from the book of life
#7. Name confessed before the Father and the angels

G. Rev. 3:12

#8. He will be a pillar in the temple of God
#9. He will have 3 names written upon him

H. Rev. 3:21

#10. Sit down with Christ on His throne


I. Rev. 2:26, adds a different factor.

1. "He who overcomes AND keeps my deeds until the end."

a. He who overcomes refers to saving trust in Christ.
b. Keep my deeds refers to faithfulness during your Christian life.
c. The reward for faithfulness is "authority over the nations."
d. The salvation benefit mentioned is,

#11. "I will give him the morning star."

2. Christ is called The Morning Star at Rev.22:16

3. The "possession" of The Morning Star refers to the believer's ultimate identification with Christ as the "light of the world" for all eternity.

10. The reality of individual ruling assignments is based on Christian production during the believer's life on earth.

A. Luke 19:11-27, 10 cities and 5 cities and 0 cities.
B. 2 Timothy 2:12, "If we endure, we shall also reign with Him."



1. The verb resist, is anthistemi, as an aorist active imperative, and means to stand against (anti + histāmi). It communicates resistance against temptation, with the aorist tense emphasizing the beginning of a pattern of devotion to God that rejects the advances of the enemy. The active voice clearly indicates that the responsibility is placed upon each individual believer, but God supplies us with the resources needed to resist.

2. The devil, of course, is the spiritual being who "prowls about as a roaring lion seeking someone to devour" (1 Peter 5:8). But even though he is our enemy, he cannot get into our minds except through suggestion from outside agents.

A. This rarely refers to the actual PERSON of the devil, for he is not omnipresent and can only reside in one physical location at a time.

B. However, he has many helpers, both demons and people
(2 Corinthians 11:14-15) and these are also in view (Ephesians 6:12).

C. In addition, Satan is often identified by the viewpoint that is promoted, rather than the actual personage. Matthew 16:21-23; 1 Timothy 4:1; Acts 5:3

3. The power of these suggestions or temptations revolves around the sin nature and the three areas of self-centeredness outlined at 1 John 2:16. In other words, the temptations and the sin nature have an affinity that makes the temptations attractive and hard to resist (pleasure lusts of James 4:1, and the passing pleasures of sin of Hebrews 11:25).

4. The ultimate factor in temptation is the lust of the sin nature as explained at James 1:13-15 and Romans 7:14-23

5. The means by which we resist the devil is through the standards of THE faith (1 Peter 5:9).

A. It begins with humility: the fear of Yahweh: Proverbs 16:6
B. And is perpetuated by the word in the soul: Psalm 119:11
C. And then motivated by our love for God: John 14:14, 21, 23

6. Resistance of evil was an issue for Adam in the garden (Genesis 2:15, serve and guard).

7. Resistance was exemplified in the life of Joseph in Egypt (Genesis 39:1-10).

8. Daniel's example at Daniel 1:3-21

9. Daniel's friends at Daniel 3:1-30

10. The example of Jesus. 1 Peter 2:21 (the copybook);
Hebrews 4:14-16; Matthew 4:1-11; Hebrews 12:1-6

11. The filling/control of the Holy Spirit.
For us in the church age, such resistance goes hand in hand with the filling/control of the Holy Spirit (Romans 8:4). His indwelling presence provides a counter influence against the sin nature so that as long as He is in control, it is impossible for the believer to sin (1 John 3:6-9; Gal. 5:16).

12. The armor of God. Ephesians 6:10-18, able to resist in the evil day, by using the defensive and offensive weapons of God's character and plan.


RESURRECTION of Christ: Summary

1. The resurrection of Jesus is the seal or proof that guarantees the integrity of Chris's character and ministry.

A. Acts 17:31 - his authority

B. Rom. 4.25 - His work

C. Rom. 1:4 - His person

D. 1 Cor. 15:12-18

2. It was prophesied before the fact.

A. Old Testament: Ps. 16:9-10 with Acts 2:22-32

B. by Jesus: All 4 gospels

The sign - Mt. 12.38-40

3. The agents of His resurrection:

A. God the Father: Acts 4:24; Eph. 1:20

B. God the Holy Spirit: Rom. 1:4; 8:11

C. God the Son: John 2:19; 10:17-18

4. The physical evidence:

A. Empty tomb: Mark 16:2-6

B. Appearances: 1 Cor. 15:3-8; Luke 24:36-48

5. Doctrine of the first fruits: 1 Cor. 15:23

A. Christ is first:

B. Then others at His coming:

C. Application: no resurrection before Christ.

no ascension to heaven before Christ.

6. Motivation for the Christian way of life:

A. Principle: 1 Cor. 15:19, 29-34

B. Mandate: 1 Cor. 15:58

C. Growth: 1 John 3:3


Resurrection of Christ: Divine Security Factors

There were 7 factors that God prepared in order to establish the background for a "foolproof" resurrection of Jesus Christ.

These 7 factors actually function as security precautions which guarantee a genuine death and burial of the Lord.

1. The trials: There were 3 Jewish trials and 3 Roman trials.

A. The Jewish problem:

1. Political influence: the possibility of revolt against Roman rule in Christ's name would cause great reprisals and hardships for Palestine.

2. Religious influence: Christ's teachings and actions had established quite a following, which undermined the religious influence the sonhedrin had over the people.

3. The temple economy: Christ's teachings and actions threatened the stability of that system of financial income for the sonhedrin.

B. Pilate's problem: His primary concern was that of incurring the displeasure of the Jewish leaders which in turn would reflect back to Tiberius Caesar concerning Pilate's efficiency. (Luke 23.20-25)

C. The six trials were designed to ensure a death sentence.


2. Death by crucifixion: This was a very definite, conclusive solution.

A. The Jewish authorities appealed to the Roman system to ensure death by crucifixion. "Let him be crucified," Mt. 27.22-23

Also, Luke 23.2 - a charge of rebellion against Rome which was a capital crime.

B. It was a public death with many checks and balances.

1. Whipping before: The use of the flagrum - leather strips with bits of stone and metal attached were used as a whip.

2. Required to carry his own cross-bar which weighed a little over 100 pounds.

3. Breaking of legs: this prevented lingering life as one could push himself up for air.

4. Roman legal system: Certification of death was necessary.

(Mark 15.42-45)

3. Solid rock tomb: Luke 23.53, "cut into the rock."

Low entrance (John 20.5) - about 4 1/2 to 5 ft. high.

4. Burial by Jewish customs:

A. Not left on the cross all night. (Babylonian Talmud)

B. Not left on the cross during the sabbath. John 19.31, 42

C. Body wrapped in strips of cloth with myrrh placed between the folds. Jn. 19.40. Myrrh was a very gummy substance that would cause the cloths to cling very strongly to each other and to the body.

This makes it difficult to get the grave cloths off.

5. Large stone: Mt. 27.60; Mark 16.4

A. Mt. 27.60: megas lithos - a great stone

B. Mk. 16.4: extremely large - mega + sphodra

C. At Mk. 16.4, in the Bezae manuscript (mss) (dated VI century), there is a parenthetical statement, "And when he was laid there, he put against the tomb, a stone which 20 men could not roll away."

D. Calculations from engineering professors establish that the size needed to secure an entrance 4 1/2 to 5 ft. would be at least 1 1/2 to 2 tons.

E. The stone would be preset with a wedge and then rolled into place by removing the wedge.

6. The Roman guard:

A. Jews requested security measures: Mt. 27.62-64

B. The request is granted - Mt. 27.65

1. "have (or take) a guard" - echō - present active imperative

2. guard: koustōdia - a Roman custodian -

a. It consisted of 4 to 16 men

b. 4 men per shift with the others sleeping in front of whatever was being guarded.

C. This guard was assigned to the priests to do as they pleased with the grave site to make it secure. Mt. 27.65

1. GO: hupagō - present active imperative

2. make it secure: aorist middle imperative - asphalidzō

3. as you know how: hōs oida - to the degree that you know is necessary.

D. The offer of bribes:

1. After the guards were awakened, some of them reported to the priests. Mt. 28.11 - certain ones of the custodian.

2. They gave an accurate account as to what they knew.

3. If it be known by the Roman authorities that the custodian had failed in an assignment - they would all be executed.

4. The bribe: Mt. 28.12-13

5. The offer of protection: Mt. 28.14

7. The Roman seal: Mt. 27.66, "And they went and made the grave secure.

And along with the guard, they set a seal on the stone."

A. This authenticates the particular transaction.

B. This protects from violation: The guard inspected the contents of the tomb and then rolled the stone across the entrance.

A rope was stretched across and was sealed at each end with clay and then stamped with the governor's official signet.

The greatest specialists of the Empire would be called in to investigate any breaking of a Roman seal.


RESURRECTION: facts of proof

There are 8 "proof" factors which establish not only that Jesus did indeed rise from the dead, but in a `supernatural` manner.

1. Broken seal: No one messed with a Roman seal, especially the disciples in a state of emotional depression and fear.

2. The empty tomb: No one could produce the body. The disciples proclaimed the resurrection right there in Jerusalem where anyone could sond up and say, `hold on there - here's the body.`

But there was no body. There is no historical testimony from any source to deny the fact of the empty tomb.

3. Large stone removed: Mk. 15.46; 16.4; Luke 24.2; John 20.1

A. The Greek in these verses indicate that the stone was - "rolled up and away from the entrance."

1. Mk. 15.46: proskuliō - aorist active indicative - roll to the face of

2. Mk. 16.4 : anakuliō - perfect passive indicative - roll up

3. Luke 24.2: apokuliō - roll away from

4. Jn 20.1 : airō - perfect passive participle - take up + ek from the tomb.

B. It would be very difficult to say the least for the disciples to accomplish this.

C. Furthermore: How could they have even attempted it without first disposing of the guard?

4. The Roman guard's failure:

A. Punishment for failure to perform properly in a security situation was punished by death. Sometimes by being burned.

B. So their attention to duty would be impeccable.

C. In this case, the priests who acquired the guard from Pilate would be responsible for bringing the charge of failure.

D. But instead, some bit of undeniable evidence prevented them from accusing the guards of neglect. In fact, they paid the guard to admit to sleeping - but promised to "cover them" if it came to Pilate's attention.

5. The grave cloths were left behind. John 20.3-8

If one is stealing a body, he is not going to stop to take time to strip the cloths of myrrh.

6. Resurrection appearances: 1 Cor. 15.5-8

Many and varied, and even antagonistic witnesses such as Saul of tarsus and the half-brothers of Jesus.

7. Women saw him first: Totally inconsistent with the culture and social standards of the Jews.

If the resurrection was a manufactured story the disciples would not have had women see him first.

8. Circumstantial evidence:

A. The inception of the church: the impact in Jerusalem alone.

3000 converted in Acts 2.41; 2000 converted at Acts 4.4

B. Practice of baptism as directly related to the resurrection.

C. communion:

This is only meaningful if Christ is who He said he is.

D. changed lives:

1. His family: Jas. 1.1 vs. Jn. 7.5

2. Cowardly disciples: Mt. 26.56; Mk.14.50 vs. Acts 2.14; 4.5-12

3. Saul of Tarsus: Acts 8.1-3; 9.1-2; 9.17-22

E. Manifestation of divine power in the early church.


RESURRECTION of the human race

1. Because of spiritual death, physical death has been a source of doubt and fear throughout all of history. Heb. 2:14-15; 1 Thes. 4:13.

2. Man in unbelief has many unanswered questions.

A. Is death final?
B. Is there an after life?
C. Is there a heaven or hell?
D. Is there reincarnation?
E. Therefore, fear and slavery.

3. Although mankind does not need a book to teach about physical death, the bible is the only book that teaches us WHY there is physical death. Gen. 3:19; 1 Cor. 15:20-22; Heb. 9:27
See Topic: DEATH: Physical

4. Man's fears are bona fide because he has no hope apart from Christ. John 14:6; 1 The. 4:13. And no knowledge apart from God's word, 1 Cor. 1:18-25.

5. Only the plan of God can answer man's questions and alleviate his fears. John 6:35-40; John 14:1-3.

6. The bible teaches that there are two types of resurrection.
Daniel 12:2; John 5:29; Acts 24:15

A. Resurrection unto judgment: Rev. 20:11-15
B. Resurrection unto life: 1 Cor. 15:20-24

7. All who trust in Christ as savior, become at the very moment of time, heirs to the resurrection unto life. John 6:39-40.

A. It is based on the eternal plan of God: Rom. 8:29-30
B. Based on the new birth: 1 Pet. 1:3
C. Based on Christ's own resurrection. 1 Pet. 1:3; John 14:19; 1 Cor. 15:20-24
D. the resurrection body is reserved for us, waiting to be revealed at the rapture of the church. 1 Peter 1:5; 1 Thes. 4:14-18.

E. It is accomplished by God the Holy Spirit at that time.
Rom. 8:11; 1 Cor. 6:14; 2 Cor. 4:14 (Romans 1:4)
F. It was believed by the saints in the Old Testament. Job 19:26-27; Dan. 12:2 and Acts 24:14-15

8. The resurrection unto life is called the redemption of the body and is the fulfillment of the believer's adoption as a son and heir of God. Rom. 8:23

The body needs to be redeemed because it possesses a sin nature, that will not be removed until the body is changed into conformity with the resurrection body of Christ. Rom. 6:5-7; Philip. 3:21

9. The resurrection body will be exactly like the resurrection body of Jesus. Philip. 3:21; 1 John 3:2

10. Description of the resurrection body:

A. It has physical characteristics that it had on earth. 1 Cor. 15;5-8; John 20:26-29

1. Flesh and bones: Luke 24:39-40
2. Could be touched: Mat. 28:9; John 20:17

B. Could communicate: Luke 24:13-50; John 20:26
C. could eat and drink: Luke 24:30, 43; Mat. 26:29
D. Could pass through solid objects: John 20:19, 26; Luke 24:36
E. could move vertically or horizontily at will. Acts 1:9-10; Mat. 28:10
F. Possessed great speed: John 20:17-19

11. The order of the resurrections. See Topic.

12. Confidence of having a resurrection life with God for all eternity should be motivation for living according to the Divine Value System and serving God during your stay on earth. 2 Cor. 15:58; 1 John 3:3; 1 Pet. 1:13.

13. The "mystery" aspect of the resurrection was unknown to Old Testament believers. Romans 16:25-26; Eph. 3:4-7; 1 Cor. 15:51-53.

The "mystery" of the resurrection is the fact that living believers will be changed into a resurrection body without seeing physical death. This feature was unknown to Old Testament believers.


RESURRECTION: The Order Of The Resurrections

1. The order of the resurrections is based on 1 Cor. 15:23, "each in his own order."
The word, tagma refers to a military battalion; a specific organization and order.

2. The bible teaches that there are two types of resurrection.
Daniel 12:2; John 5:29; Acts 24:15

A. Resurrection unto judgment: Rev. 20:11-15
B. Resurrection unto life: 1 Cor. 15:20-24

3. The first Resurrection: this involves believers only based on Revelation 20:4-5.

A. the first order: The Lord Jesus Christ, 1 Cor 15:23; Rom. 1:4; 1 Thes.1:10; 1 Pet. 1:3; 2 Tim. 2:8

1. at death

a. His body went into the grave: Jn 19:40-42
b. His real person was committed into the hands of the Father: Lk. 23:46
c. He went into paradise. Lk. 23:43; Acts 2:27
d. Except for a visit to tartarus, he apparently stayed in paradise until He was changed and raised up.

2. At resurrection: His soul and spirit joined the body in the tomb, the body was changed, and left the tomb, leaving the grave clothes behind.

3. The time of His resurrection was between 12 midnight and 6 AM on Sunday, the first day of the week.
This was 3 days and 3 nights after His death (Mat. 12:40).

B. The second order: The body of Christ, designated as "those who are Christ's at His coming."

1. His coming refers to the Day of the Lord arrival of Jesus and the time period of that Day, culminating when Jesus takes His seat upon His glorious throne.

2. This includes ALL believers who have ever lived to date; both Old Testament and New Testament believes.
Both are of the body of Christ (Eph. 2:13-22), and all who have died are together in the New Jerusalem in heaven waiting for the Day of the Lord (Heb. 12:22-23).

3. This does not violate dispensations, because dispensations ONLY deals with function here on earth, not existence in heaven.

4. Both Old Testament and New Testament believers comprise the Bride of Christ and together, as His bride, will reign with Him (Rev. 21:9-14). See Article: Saints in Heaven

5. At physical death, the body goes into the grave and the soul goes to be with the Lord. 2 Cor. 5:8; Philip. 1:23

6. Old Testament believers were taken to heaven immediately after Christ's resurrection.
Eph. 4:8; Ps. 49:15; 68:16; Is. 61:1; Hos. 13:14.

7. This resurrection occurs at the rapture of the church which happens when Jesus returns to the earth at the Day of the Lord. At this time the "mystery" aspect of the resurrection will occur, which is the transformation of LIVING Christians while they are still on the earth. 1 Cor. 15:51-53; 1 Thes. 4:14-17.
The mystery-resurrection is NOT some idea of a distinction between Israel and the church. It is the fact that "living" believers will receive resurrection while still on earth.

8. There are only two resurrections of saints mentioned in the New Testament's development of end times events.

a. The resurrection at the rapture: 1 Thes. 4:13-17
b. The resurrection of "martyrs" after the rapture at Rev. 20:4b.

9. The resurrection program taught at 1 Cor. 15:20-23, combines the above two resurrections into a general resurrection of the righteous as "those who are Christ's at His coming."

Jesus did the same thing at John 5:28-29 by teaching a "general" resurrection of the righteous and a general resurrection of the wicked.

At Daniel 12:2, the angel taught Daniel that there would be a general resurrection of the righteous and one for the wicked.
Daniel 12:13 speaks of a resurrection at the end of the age.

The resurrection at Revelation 20:4 is very restrictive.
However, before these martyrs are resurrected, we see a group of "previously" resurrected saints sitting on thrones.

This first group, then, refers to the raptured bride (church and Old Testament believers) who begin to administrate their promised "judgment" function as joint-heirs with Christ (Rom. 8:17; 1 Cor. 6:2a, 3; Rev. 5:10)

"And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them,
and judgment was given to them."

It seems quite clear that there are two groups represented at verse 4. The ones who are seen sitting on the thrones and the ones who were martyred by the beast and are resurrected after Armageddon.

"And I {saw} the souls of those who had been beheaded because of
the testimony of Jesus and because of the word of God,
and those who had not worshiped the beast or his image,
and had not received the mark upon their forehead and upon their hand;
and they came to life and reigned with Christ for a thousond years."

There is no way to make this involve anyone other than a group of saints who were martyred via the oppressive reign of the beast. It does not include "living" believers nor does it include any who died of natural causes throughout history.
It should be clear then, that this does NOT refer to the resurrection that takes place at the rapture. It therefore must refer to those who were martyred after the rapture.
And if there is no other resurrection mentioned, then the Old Testament saints must be included in the rapture and be among those mentioned as "sitting on the thrones."

The significance of the phrase, "this is the first resurrection," is that this brings to completion the first resurrection which embraces both the raptured bride of Christ (Old and New Testament believers), who are sitting on the thrones, and the Day of the Lord martyrs, who die for their faith after the rapture and prior to Armageddon.

C. The third order: The millennial believers

1. The bible is silent about the resurrection of these believers.
But it is reasonable to think that when the 1000 year kingdom is over that, the people who were involved with it, whether dead or alive, would receive resurrection as their body for eternity.

2. On that basis I suggest, purely on a speculative basis, that if any (believers) die they would go to heaven and receive their resurrection body later at the end of the millennium.

3. The ones who are alive at the end of the millennium would of course receive a resurrection body at that time.

4. The Second Resurrection: Unbelievers only. Rev. 20:11-15.
The resurrection unto judgment.

A. At physical death:

1. The body goes into the grave.
2. The soul goes into Hades to the place of torments where they remain until the last judgment. Luke 16:11-15.

B. At the last judgment, these are given some kind of "new" physical body. The soul joins the body and appear at the Great White Throne judgment (Rev. 20:11-14) and from there thrown into the lake of fire.

C. See Topic: JUDGMENT: last judgment at great white throne
and JUDGMENT: Lake of Fire

5. The raising of the saints at Matthew 27:52-53 is NOT a resurrection. See commentary.



1. It is God's will: Jn 6:39-40

2. It is God's plan: Rom 8:29-3O

3. It was taught, understood and believed by the Old Testament saints.
Job 19:26-27; Dan. 12:2 and Acts 24:14-15

4. It is available through the New birth: 1 Pet I 3

5. It is Based on Christ's own resurrection:
I Pet l:3; Jn l4:19; I Cor. 15:2O-24

6. It is reserved for us: I Pet I:5

7. It will be revealed at the rapture: I Pet 1:5; 1 Thes 4:l4-l7

8. It is accomplished by God the Holy Spirit:
Rom 8:11; 1 Cor 6:14; 2 Cor. 4:14; Rom. 1:4

9. It will be lust like Christ's body: Phil. 3:21; 1 Jn. 3:2

10. It is called the redemption of the body: Rom. 8:23

A. No physical mutation of the sin nature: Rom. 6:5-7
B. No limitations from the physical curse: I Cor. 15:5O-53

11. Should provide motivation for living for God:
1 John 3:3; 1 Cor. 15:58; 1 Pet. 1:13

12. It is a guaranteed reality for the believer.
1 Pet. 1:3-5; Rom. 6:5; 8:11

13. No one has been resurrected to date except Jesus Christ. No other person will be resurrected until Christ returns (1 Cor. 15:23). Those at Mat. 27:52-53 were NOT resurrected, they were resuscitated (See Topic below).


RESUSCITATION: Or Restoration to life

1. Definition: The return of the soul and spirit to the body they had been united with before physical death.

2. Physical death takes place when the soul and spirit vacate the body. Ec. 12:7; Job 34:14-15

A. The body returns to the soil.
B. The soul and spirit return to God for disposition. (2 Cor. 5:1-8)
C. In the Old Testament period: Luke 16:22-26

1. Unbeliever: to Hades - torments
2. Believer: to Hades - paradise

D. After the resurrection of Christ:

1. Unbeliever: to Hades - torments
2. Believer: to Paradise in the third heaven and in the presence of God.2 Cor. 5:8; 12:2-4; Phil. 1:23

3. After physical death the destiny of the unbeliever is certain. Heb. 9:27; Rev. 20:11-15

4. But there are examples in the Bible of a believer being resuscitated and allowed to continue physical life until he dies again.

A. 1 Kings 17:17-24
B. 2 Kings 4:18-37
C. Mt. 9:18-25 with Luke 8:55 (Mk. 5:22-43; Luke 8:41-56)
D. Luke 7:11-17
E. Jn. 11:1-46
F. Mat. 27:52
G. Acts 9:36-42
H. Acts 14:19-20 with 2 Cor. 12:1-10
I. Acts 20:7-10 - apparently not actual physical death.
J. There is strong indication that all of these examples involve believers only.
K. This has not happened since the ministry of the Apostles in the 1st century.

5. The so called, clinical cases are not actual death, but recovery from extremely retarded vital signs.

6. Even if it were to happen, there would be no ability to relate to others the experience of the after life.

A. If it was denied the Apostle Paul (2 Cor. 12:4-7) you can bet it is denied others.
B. The reports that come in are simply the intense mental and emotional activities of the soul during a time of extreme physical pressure.

C. In addition, the reports that come in are inconsistent with one another and inconsistent with revealed Biblical Truth.

7. The raising of the dead was a miracle sign in order to bring attention to the message of Truth. This verification is no longer necessary since the message is now revealed in its absolute form in the Bible. And as mentioned above, there is no authentic example of an actual restoration from physical death.

8. Just before the beginning of the tribulation, at around the midpoint of the 70th week, Satan will be allowed by God to resuscitate the "assassinated" world ruler. After he is raised up by the power of Satan he will become the oppressive man of lawlessness (beast). Rev. 13:3-7

9. Just after the end of the 70th week, the two witnesses will be killed and lay in the street for 3 1/2 days. They will then be raised up and taken into heaven. This is probably a resuscitation because resurrection of people who die during the that time will not occur until after the battle of Armageddon, somewhere in the 75 days that follow the end of the 70th week. But according to the view that the two witnesses are a raised up Elijah and Moses, these two will be dealt with in a very unique way.
See study: the two witnesses


1. Revolution is the rejection and attempted overthrow of duly constituted authority. That is, authority that is established by God for the order and stability of society.

2. Divine authority is expressed in the human race in 2 areas.

A. Spiritual authority:

1. The Sovereignty of the Godhead: 1 Chron. 29:11-13; Dan. 4:17
2. The Word of God: Heb. 4:12;
3. Delegated authority of his communicators:

a. OT prophets: Jer. 1:10
b. Apostles of the early church: Mt. 18:18-20; 2 Cor. 10:8
c. Communicators of the local church: 1 Pet. 5:1-5; Heb. 13:17

B. Moral authority:

1. Authority over your own soul: free will, freedom Josh. 24:14-15 (plus hundreds)
2. Authority of marriage: Gen. 2:24; 1 Cor. 7:1; Heb. 13:4
3. Authority in the family: Ps. 127.3-5; Deut. 6Z:7; Eph. 6:4; Pr. 6.20-23; 23.22
4. Authority of organized society: Nationalism, Acts 17:26-27

a. Rulership: Rom. 13:1-5 w/ 1 Pet. 2:13-14
b. Law enforcers:
c. Judicial:
d. Military: Mt. 8:9; 2 Tim. 2:4
e. Business: Titus 2:9-10
f. Education: Gal. 4:1-2
g. Athletics: 2 Tim. 2:5

3. Rejection of established authority in any area is revolution.

A. Although some of these authority areas can be considered minor, yet the attitude of revolution will express itself first in areas of least resistance.

B. And we, especially as parents, need to be sensitive to the presence of rebellion when it shows up. Pr. 22:15

C. It is in the home where the revolution spirit is let loose or bound. Pr. 30:11-14

4. Revolution is never condoned by God's word. Pr.24:21-22; Mt. 22:21

5. The primary motivator of revolution is jealousy and greed. Jas. 4:1-2
Example: N/K vs. S/K, Is. 11:13 with 1 Kings 12 and 2 Ch. 10

6. The doorway to revolution is rejection of relationship and fellowship with God. Rejection of spiritual standards. Is. 59:13-15

7. And then through rejection of parental authority, the revolution spirit is set free to "selfitize" society. Pr. 30:11-14

8. Revolution is never beneficial to society. It is always one power block deposing another and still oppressing the people.

A. French Revolution: 1795
B. Russian Revolution:
C. China:

9. The modern revolution of communism (Marxist socialism) is the most deceptive. They promise freedom and equality for all.

A. But in actuality, they only equalize the masses to a uniform poverty level and hoard the material resources for the few in control.

B. And anyone who expresses viewpoint contrary to the controllers are separated from society either through isolation or death.

C. In addition, freedom of religion is forbidden as only a state controlled church is permitted to exist.

10. Biblical examples:

A. Nimrod revolution: Gen. 10:9-10.
B. Homosexual revolution: Gen. 13:13 w/ 19:3-9 (See Homosexuality)
C. Jerusalem revolution: Acts 15:1; Gal. 2:12
D. Universal spiritual revolution: Ps. 2:1-3
E. Gog-Magog revolution: Rev. 20:7-9
F. National revolution. 1 Kings 11-12 (v. 12:19)
G. Korah revolution: Numbers 16; Jude 11
H. Employee revolution: Mt. 20:1-15
I. Spiritual revolution: 1 Sam. 15:23
J. The Ishmael revolution: Jeremiah 40-41:15
K. The Johanan revolution: Jeremiah 41:16 through 44:30

11. Revolution involves the overthrow of the laws of establishment.
It also involves lawless mobs which can neither think nor achieve anything compatible with the Divine institutions or the laws of establishment.
A mob cannot think. It has a leader but it does not think for itself.
The purpose of the mob is always for a power grab of some sort.

A. The criterion for a mob is emotion. It acts on the prejudice and emotion of the controller. It has no mind of its own.

B. Sometimes the cause of the mob is good, Sometimes bad.
Whether good or bad, it is lost in a principle.
Nothing can ever achieved by revolutionary violence.

C. Whatever cause a person may have, when he joins a riot to further his cause, he destroys his cause and his integrity.

D. The emotional, rioting mob acts upon its object until that object is reduced to the same emotional and disorganized level as the mob.

E. Behind the scene are the controllers who have no great concern for the people but only for their own self-centered, covetous goals.

12. The believer in the face of oppression.

A. National: Rom. 13:1-5; 2 Pet. 2:13-17
B. Taxation: Mt. 17:24-27; 22:15-22; Rom. 13:6-7
C. Persecution: Acts 4:5-21; 5:25-29; Dan. 3:13-18; 6:4-23

13. There are times when a nation may be turned over to the authority of an invader and it be God's will NOT to fight. Jer. 27:1-17; Jer. 40:1-12; 2 Kings 25:22-24

14. Compare with Topic: WARFARE and SELF DEFENSE



This is a summary. For details about evaluation of each believer at the time of their physical death see The Reward Seat of God

1. Statement of fact: 2 Cor. 5.10

A. For: gar - explains motivation to be pleasing to Him - v. 9

B. It is necessary: dei - present indicative

C. For us all: believers only - pas - all those who qualify under v. 5

D. To appear: phaneroō-aorist passive infinitive- in the future at Christ's return for his church.

E. before: emprosthen - before the face of (in front of)

F. the judgment seat: bāma - a place where justice is administered. Humanly speaking - a trial or judicial bench.Mt. 27.19; Jn.19.13; Acts 12.21;18.12,16-17; 25.6, 10,17
Paul uses this human judicial structure to symbolize the fact that every believer will have his life and deeds evaluated by God and Jesus. It will not be a formal or a collective evaluation, but each believer will be individually and privately evaluated.

G. Of Christ: it is in the presence of Jesus where Divine justice will evaluate the life and deeds of the believer.

H. So that: hina + subjunctive mood indicates the purpose for appearing

I. each one: emphasis on individual and personal responsibility.

J. May be recompensed: komidzō - aorist middle subjunctive -receive back upon self based upon some action.

(See 1 Pet. 1.9 - salvation as a result of faith)

K. the things done: prassō - aorist active indicative- during your life on earth

L. through the body: dia + sōma - only while on earth.

M. Whether good: agathos-good of intrinsic value-lines up with God's standards.

N. Or bad: phaulos - useless, worthless, rotten-all that was done independently from God.

O. This Divine good can only be produced by the Holy Spirit as the believer maintains sinless consistency. Rom. 8.8 - they that are in the flesh cannot please God.

Gal. 5.16-walk in the Spirit; Rom. 14.18 - acceptable to God;

Ps. 66.18 - sin shuts down fellowship with God.

2. Each believer then will take personal responsibility for his every decision here on earth.

Rom. 14.10-12

A. v. 10

1. We have no business putting ourselves up in authority over someone else's life.

2. For: gar - God's authority and policy is the only judge

3. We shall all: every believer - in this context.

4. stand: paristāmi - future middle indicative

5. At the bāma of God - theos: It is the justice seat of God, but Christ administrates

the evaluation and justice. Jn. 5.22-23 (CF bāma of Christ at 2 Cor. 5.10)

B. v. 11 - Old Testament documentation to establish Divine authority in judgment.

1. As it is written: graphō - perfect passive indicative

a. Is. 45.23 -not quoted, but the doctrinal principle is represented accurately.

(Not quoted from LXX either)

b. The context is salvation provision during the Day of the Lord judgments and ultimate accountability to God alone.

2. Every knee shall bow: humility recognition of Divine sovereignty.

3. Every tongue give praise: exomologeō-future active indicative- confess agreement with God.

Acceptance of the Divine justice evaluation of the believer's life.

C. V. 12 - Personal accountability

1. So then --- us: believers only

2. each one: individual and personal responsibility for my decisions.

3. Concerning himself: peri + heautos - further emphasis on personal responsibility concerning the issues of light and darkness - good and bad.

4. Shall give account: 2 words

a. Shall give - didomi - future active indicative - at the future time of the judgment seat.

b. a word: logos - statement - determined by the context.

c. This is not giving an explanation for failures or successes.

d. It is a confession - accepting the verdict of Divine justice and giving glory

to God. - V. 11 -- exomologeō

3. This evaluation from justice results in reward or loss of reward according to God's standards.

A. 2 Cor. 5.10 - agathos vs. phaulos; good vs. worthless

B. 1 Cor. 3.10-15

V. 10-11 - The foundation of salvation relationship is Christ.

V. 12a --- Building on the foundation is living the Christian way of life.

V. 12b - 2 categories of building material -perishable/non-perishable.

V. 13 -- The fire of Divine justice will test the quality of the building.

V. 14 - non-perishable is not burned; corresponds with agathos at 2 Cor. 5.10 and is rewarded.

V. 15a -Perishable is burned; corresponds with phaulos at 2 Cor. 5.10, and is not rewarded or punished.

V. 15b - Regardless of loss or reward the believer remains saved.

4. In anticipation of this future evaluation, the believer is exhorted to dedication and consistency.

A. 2 Cor. 5.9 - our value priority in life is to be pleasing to Him

B. 2 Cor. 5.11 - communicators persuade - peithō - present active indicative

C. 2 Cor. 6.1-3 - Paul exhorts - parakaleō - present active indicative

1. Not to receive: aorist middle infinitive-dechomai (via instruction in this case)

2. the grace of God: all the resources God makes available for the Christian way of life.

3. In vain: eis kenos - to no purpose-ie, without acceptance and consistent application of the truth. CF. Jas. 1.21-25

4. The acceptable time is now: God wants your attention now! Both Salvation and the Christian way of life.

D. Rom. 14.16-19 - V. 18 - acceptable to God - euarestos

E. 1 Jn. 2.28-shame vs. confidence (fellowship consistency via character consistency.

F. 1 Cor. 9.24-27 -- Run to win

1. self discipline/control: V. 25 - egkrateuomai - present active indicative

2. confidence and purpose: V. 26 - ouk adālōs (adverb) - not without purpose

3. detail of life control: V. 27 - control my body-hupōpiadzō-present active indicative

4. Run with endurance: Heb. 12.1-2 - hupomonā

5. According to the rules: 2 Tim. 2.5 -Divine viewpoint standards and policy.

G. The danger of false worship - Col. 2.18; and false doctrine - 2 Jn. 8


5. It is probable that this evaluation of all church age believers takes place when each individual believer is brought into the presence of God.
It seems unlikely for the dead believer to be in the presence of the Lord
and not have had his life evaluated. It seems there could be no joy and peace for that believer if his "wood, hay and straw" is not recognized and rejected by God. There will be no rewards handed out at that time. Any rewards will be assigned at the OFFICIAL and public reward seat of Christ.
        A. At death the believer is brought face to face with the Lord
        (2 Cor. 5:8) and receives the evaluation of his life and deeds
        at that time.

B At the rapture all living believers who come face to face with the Lord will receive evaluation of life and deeds either at that instant, or more likely after the arrive in heaven.
 (1) 1 Cor. 4.5 - when the Lord comes - erchomai - aorist active subjunctive
 (2) 1 Jn. 2.28 - at his coming - parousia
 (3) 1 Pet. 5.1-4 - when he appears - aorist passive participle - phaneroō

6. That suggests that the reward seat of Christ is the place and time when there will be an OFFICIAL and public recognition of one's salvation status and the dissemination of rewards.

7. The judgment seat of Christ accomplishes the preparation of his bride for her eternal purpose. Rev. 19.7-8

A. His bride is the church: Eph. 5.25-27; 2 Cor. 11.2

B. Made herself ready: aorist active indicative - hetoimadzō - prior to his 2nd descent.

C. Fine linen: purification from 2 perspectives

1. salvation righteousness: Rev. 3.5; 2 Cor. 5.21

2. Experiential righteousness: 2 Cor. 11.2-3; Col. 1.22-23

Rev. 19.8 - righteous deeds of the saints.

8. SUMMARY PASSAGE: 2 Peter 3.10-18

V. 14 - Character consistency/sinless consistency

V. 17 - Standing guard over your doctrinal content and stability

V. 18 - Diligence in spiritual growth.



ALSO Study Evaluation of Believers at Time of death

1. DEFINITION: Rewards are the benefits acquired by following God's established policies for the human race. principles of 2 Tim. 2:5 and 1 Cor. 9:24-27

2. Rewards must be viewed from 2 perspectives.

A. Benefits from our salvation status.
B. Benefits from faithful service in Christian living.

3. Benefits from salvation status.

A. summarized in Revelation 2-3 as rewards to the OEVERCOMER.
The over-comer is the believer in Christ. 1 Jn. 5:5

1. Rev. 2:7 - Access to the tree of life.
Physical life perpetuated through resurrection.

2. Rev. 2:11 - Deliverance from the second death.
Freedom from judgment: Rom. 8.1

3. Rev. 2:17 - Hidden manna.
Access to Divine knowledge unavailable to us while on earth.

4. Rev. 2:17 - white stone with a new secret name.
Individual, personalized relationship with God.

5. Rev. 2:26-28 - Given the Morning Star.
Title for the Messiah. Eternal relationship with Christ.

6. Rev. 3:5 - white garments. Imputed Divine righteousness.


7. Rev. 3:5 - Name remains in the book of life.
Possession of eternal life.

8. Rev. 3:5 - Name confessed before the Father and angels.
Public proclamation of salvation status.

9. Rev. 3:12 - Pillar in the temple of God.
Priestly function for all eternity. Rev. 5:10

10. Rev. 3:12 - Name of God written on him.
Personal possession and relationship.

11. Rev. 3:12 - Name of the New Jerusalem.
Permanent residence - Jn. 14:1-3; Rev. 21:9-23

12. Rev. 3:12 - Christ's new name.
Personal association, fellowship and partnership with Christ.

13. Rev. 3:21 - Sit down with Christ on His throne.
Status and rank of rulership. Rev. 5:10
(function of rulership is determined by service in time.)

B. Eternal joy: Jude 24; Rev. 21:4

4. Benefits for faithful service in the Christian life. 2 Cor. 5:9-10
There are two categories of production; agathos or phaulos (good or useless).
1 Cor. 3:12, gold, silver, jewels (agathos good) vs. wood, hay, straw (phaulos useless).

A. Temporal benefits:

1. The peace, joy and confidence of the abundant life.
Mat. 11:28-30; Jn. 14:27; Rom. 15:13

2. Law of sowing and reaping: Gal. 6:6-10;
Eph. 6:8; Col. 3:24-25

B. Eternal benefits which are assigned at the reward seat of Christ as Divine recognition for everything accomplished here on earth while in fellowship with God

1. Rewards in General: 1 Cor. 3:10-15; Col. 2:18
2. Three categories of reward: 1 Peter 1:7

a. Accolades: Praise - epainos

b. Crowns: Honor (timā) refers to being recognized with various "symbols" of your faithfulness.
This includes the 3 crowns of Christian success.

c. Reigning: Glory (doxa) refers to having a function of authority that puts you in an exalted position of some kind.

C. Accolades (praise): Mat. 10:32-33 w/ 2Tim. 2:11-13 cf. 1John 2:28; 1 Cor. 4:5

D. The crowns (honor):

1. Crown of righteousness: 2 Tim. 4:7-8
This is the reward for consistent faithfulness in following the faith all throughout one's life.
cf.1 Cor. 9:24-27; Rev. 3:11
(2 Tim. 4:8 - on that day - future at the bama)

2. Crown of glory: 1 Pet. 5:2-4
Reward to recognize fulfillment of one's spiritual gift.
(verse 4, when he appears)

3. Crown of life: Rev. 2:10; Jas. 1:12
Reward to recognize consistency of faith/endurance in times of temptation and persecution.

(4. The "crown of joy" is not a "future reward" but simply a figure of speech to describe the joy experienced when you are instrumental in bringing someone to salvation. Philip. 4:1; 1 Thes. 2:19.)
See Discussion: 

E. Reigning (glory): degrees of authority probably just during the millennial reign of Christ but perhaps into eternity.

1. Mat. 25:20-23
2. Lk. 19:12-27
3. 1 Tim. 2:12
4. Rev. 2:26
5. See Topic: REIGNING

5. Attitude toward rewards: basically because of love for God, not love for a reward.

A. Always recognize the source.

1. God works in you: Phil. 2:13
2. The Holy Spirit works in you: Rom. 8:4, 12-14
3. The word works in you: 1 Thes. 2:13; 1 Tim. 1:5
4. God produces the results: 1 Cor. 3:6-7
5. God always gets the glory:

B. 2 Cor. 5:9-11

1. Toward God: verse 9

a. have as our value: philotimeomai, present middle indicative
b. to be pleasing: eimi, present infinitive + euarestos
c. To Him: verse 8, the Lord verse 9, Christ
d. 1 Cor. 10:31; 2 Thes. 1:12; 2:14; Eph. 1:11-14

2. Toward others: verse 11, we persuade men

a. peitho: (present active indicative) communication of truth to elicit a proper response to Divine policy.

b. men: refers to believers in the context
c. knowing: oida (perfect active participle) indicates functional knowledge of creator requirements for his creatures.

d. the fear of the Lord: phobos is the attitude required for proper function in Christian living.
1 Pet. 1:17 is a humility issue. God is the source and he gets the credit.

C. 1 Cor. 9:24-27, Run to win!

1. self-discipline/control
2. confidence/purpose: ouk adālōs
3. detail of life control: enslave my body
4. endurance: Heb. 12:1-2 - hupomonā

D. Col. 2:18 - Protection through dedication to Truth. Rev. 3:11

E. Philip. 3:8-16

Attaining to the resurrection of the dead, refers to achieving "a better resurrection" (Heb. 11:35), through possession of reward; not the acquisition of resurrection itself. Resurrection itself, is a guaranteed reality for the believer:
See Topic: RESURRECTION of the human race



1. Definition: an attitude that elevates material possessions (the DETAILS OF LIFE) as more important and valuable than anything else in life.

A. It is represented in the Greek by the word, pleonexzia (greed).
Greed (covetousness) is a kind of idolatry because it makes material possessions the god of happiness and security.

B. It develops in the soul through darkness influence which promotes sensuality (aselgeia - total abandonment to the satisfaction of the physical senses). Eph. 4:19, Sensuality produces impurity in association with greediness.

C. 1 Tim. 6:9-10

v. 9 - those who want to get rich

a. boulomai (present middle participle) emphasis on deliberation
b. plouteo (present active infinitive) means, to be rich.

v. 10

a. The love of money: philarguria

1. philos, indicates a soul totally occupied and enraptured with money or material things.

2. arguros, silver (money), refers to material things in general.

b. longing for it: oregomai (present middle participle), means to stretch out for or toward something.
This communicates the intensity and frantic search that is involved.

D. Put total confidence in wealth as the answer to everything.

1. Pr. 10:15 - fortress
2. 1 Tim. 6:17- fix confidence on riches.
elpidzo as a perfect active infinitive

E. Phil. 3:19, set mind on earthly things, with Mt. 6:19.
phroneo (to think) + epigeia (plural + def. article)

F. Mt. 6:24, serving riches (douleuo).
You can't serve God and possessions (mamōnas)

G. 2 Tim. 3:4 - lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God.

1. philadonos - philos (love, rapport) + hadonā (pleasure, desire) occupied with the details of life

2. rather than (mallon): indicates an opposite value decision.
3. philotheos = occupied with God, living by the Divine Value System.

H. Mt. 6:25, operation worry. You worry when possession of either necessity or surplus details is more important to you than the reality of the plan and character of God.

2. The character of the rich-minded.

A. Arrogance:

1. mental: Pr. 28:11
2. verbal: Pr. 18:23b
3. Overt: operation oppression, James 5:5-6

B. Psalm 52:3-4, 7

1. love evil more than good: emphasis on viewpoint
2. love falsehood more than speaking right: emphasis on speech

C. Selfishness: Pr. 3:27-30

1. The refusal of selfishness: v. 27 with Pr. 11:26
2. The delay of selfishness: v. 28
3. The hostility of selfishness: v. 29-30
4. 1 John 3:17-18 with James 2:15-16


3. The pitfalls of rich mindedness:

A. 1 Tim. 6:9-10

1. fall into temptation:

a. epipipto: present active indicative
b. temptation: peirasmos- solicitation with the intent of causing defeat. (in other words, it puts you on enemy soil)

c. All the different things encountered to fulfill the lust for wealth.

2. and a snare: pagis, is a trap.
The promise from riches is deceptive. Pr. 23:4-5; 28:22; Ec. 5:10

3. and many foolish and harmful desires.

a. foolish: anoātos - no moral or spiritual logic.
b. harmful: blaberos - physical and soul effects. Pr. 28:20, 22

c. lusts: epithumia, dictates from the sin nature.

4. Plunge men into ruin and destruction:

a. Present active indicative of buthidzo
b. ruin: olethros with emphasis on the soul.
c. destruction: apōleia, with emphasis on the physical.

5. The spiritual ruin is mentioned in v. 10

a. wandered away from the Faith: apoplanao (aorist passive indicative).
THE FAITH refers to the realm of established truth and the Divine Value System represented by that truth.

b. pierced themselves with many pains

1. peripeiro (aorist active indicative)
2. many pains: pollus hodunā (plural)

B. Hindrance to responding to Truth:

1. Mt. 19:16-26 - Religious dogma and philosophy
2. Mt. 13:22 w/ Lk. 8:14 - Details of life

C. The law of sowing and reaping: Pr. 11:6; Gal. 6:8-10

D. Pr. 15:27, troubles his own house.

4. The deception of rich mindedness:

A. Mt. 13:22 - apata ploutos
B. 1 Tim. 6:17- adālotās - a (is the negative) + dālos, an adjective which means, clear, plain, evident.
With the negative, the word means UNCLEAR and indicates that there is no certainty concerning the promised "pleasures" of wealth.

C. An unfulfilling pursuit: Pr. 23:4-5; Ec. 5:10; Prov. 27:20; Mk. 7:21-22.

D. Pseudo friends: Pr. 14:20; 19:4, 6
Thinking you can "buy" love, friends, attention or reputation.

F. False security: Prov. 18:11

5. Wealth provides no advantage in the eyes of God.

A. either "in time," Job 34:19; Pr. 11:4
B. Or eternity: Lk. 12:16-21 w/ 6:24-25; 16:19-31
C. Can't buy physical life extension: Ps. 49:7-9
D. Can't deliver in the day of judgment: Zeph. 1:18

6. Rich mindedness as it relates to the family curse. Pr. 30:11-17


7. It is the source of wars, revolutions, personal conflicts, murders: James 4:1-2

8. Typical actions of the rich minded:

A. Ps. 52:1-4, 7

1. v. 7 - strong (azaz, qal imperfect) in his desire - hAwwAh, personal lust for self-advancement

2. boast in evil: v. 1 - hAlal ra
3. Tongue devises destruction - v. 2

a. chAshabh, qal imperfect
b. hAwwAh, desire, personal lust for self-advancement above all others and at the expense of others.
Therefore - the idea of destruction, "like a sharp razor."

4. worker of deception: v. 2

a. AsAh - qal active participle
b. remiyyAh - deceit, treachery
c. You can't just announce your destructive intentions to your victims, so deceit is necessary.

d. Therefore, for protection against such deceit, the believer must be especially efficient in discernment of character.
Maximum Bible Truth in the soul provides that discernment.

B. Pr. 22:16

1. v. 16a - oppression
2. v. 16b - flattery and bribery

C. Jas. 2:6-7

1. oppression: present active indicative of katadunasteuo cf. 5:4-6
2. Blasphemy: blasphāmeo, present active indicative.
The honorable name: kalos

D. Example of Judas: John 12:3-6

1. kleptās: thief
2. bastadzo: as an imperfect active indicative, is translated as, "used to pilfer."

E. The way of Balaam: an expression of rich-mindedness that seeks material profit through religious activity.

1. Jude 11: for pay - misthos
2. 1 Tim. 6:5: suppose that godliness is a means of great gain.
3. 2 Pet. 2:15: loved the wages of unrighteousness
4. 2 Cor. 2:17: selling the Word of God.
5. 1 Thes. 2:5: a motivation of greed
6. Titus 1:11: teaching falsehood for dishonorable gain.
7. Micah 3:9-11
8. See Topic: The way of Balaam


9. The SEVEN steps for controlling (1 Cor. 6:12) the details of life (material things), combating (Luke 21:34) rich mindedness and finding TRUE enjoyment in life (1 Timothy 6:17, for enjoyment).

1 Timothy 6:11

A. You man of God: This refers to the believer who "wants" to conform his life to the viewpoint and standards of God's kingdom (Rom. 14:17; Mat. 6:33).

B. First, what NOT to do:

1. Flee from these things: present active imperative of pheugo.
This refers to a humility acceptance of what God says is non-beneficial for us, and the ACTIVE avoidance of temptation
through application of the doctrine of separation.

C. Second, what to actively pursue: pursue is the present active imperative of dioko.

2. Righteousness: dikaiosuna refers to knowing and following God's moral standards for relating to our fellow man as summarized in the 9 1/2 commandments.


3. godliness: eusebeia refers to knowing and following God's standards for relating to Him (worship and service).
The word group, sebo, means to "bend the knee" in worship. Eu = good and sebeia means worshipful obedience.
Good worship, then refers to following the policies God has designed for fulfilling our responsibilities as "servants" of God.

4. faith: pistis refers to the system of thinking by which the believer relates to The Creator and everything He has provided for us.

5. love: agapa refers to knowing and expressing the 15 character virtues of love (1 Cor. 13:4-7).
See Topic: LOVE: 15 Character Virtues

6. endurance: hupomonā refers to a "faith-rest" trust and dependence on God's character and plan. The plan of God is greater than any adversity you can possibly encounter.

7. humility: praüpathia refers to emotional objectivity and control in reference to self and others.
(pathia = passion, desire, emotion; praus = gentleness, humility)
Phil. 2:3-5 - personal priorities subordinated to others.




Ron Wallace, Anyone is free to reproduce this material and distribute it,
but it may not be sold under any circumstances whatsoever without the author's consent.


Home | Recent Additions | Studies | Commentary


Prophecy | Articles | Topical | About Us